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Umthi wetumato Njengomthi weziqhamo oqheleke kakhulu kubantu abaninzi, iitumato zihlala zivela phantse kwikhitshi lentsapho nganye. Isityalo sithathwa njengesityalo seziqholo ezisa ixabiso eliphezulu lesondlo kubantu kwisidlo ngasinye.

Ukuze ukwazi ukuqonda izityalo zamatamatisi kunye Indlela yokukhulisa izityalo zetamatato ekhaya Namhlanje, makhe sifunde malunga nobuchule bokukhulisa iitumata ekhaya ukufumana iitumato ezinomsoco kusapho, makhe sifumanise ukuba njani. Indlela yokulima iitumato.

iindlela zokukhulisa utamatisi kwi-styrofoam ekhaya

iindlela zokukhulisa utamatisi kwi-styrofoam ekhaya

1.Lungisa yonke into phambi kokutyala iitumato

Ukukhulisa izityalo ekhaya, kufuneka silungiselele kwangaphambili izixhobo eziyimfuneko kunye nezixhobo zokukhula ekhaya.

2. Yeyiphi inyanga eyona nyanga ilungileyo yokutyala iitumato?

Ukutyala itumata ngenyanga yokuvelisa esona siqhamo sininzi ngumbuzo abantu abaninzi abawufunayo, kuba abantu abaninzi bayakwazi ukuthenga iitumato emarikeni unyaka wonke, ngoko ke akucaci ukuba leliphi ixesha elifanelekileyo lokutyala.

Umthi ukhula ngokukhawuleza, ngoko unokutyalwa unyaka wonke.

Ngaphambili, kwakuqhelekile ukwenza utamatisi kwisityalo sasebusika, kodwa namhlanje, ngokusetyenziswa kwesayensi kunye neteknoloji, kunokwenzeka ukukhulisa utamatisi unyaka wonke, ukuvelisa iziqhamo ezininzi kunye nezivuno eziphezulu.

Ukuqonda ngcono ixesha lokutyala imithi, ungakhetha amaxesha ahlukeneyo okutyala ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

Ukutyala iitumato zokuqala: Ukusukela ngoJulayi ukuya kuAgasti, ingatyalwa kwaye ivunwe ekupheleni kukaOkthobha ukuya kuDisemba.

Iitumato ezikhuliswe ngexesha eliphambili: Qala ukutyala iitumato ukusuka ngoSeptemba ukuya kuOkthobha kwaye uvune ngoFebruwari nangoMatshi kunyaka ozayo

Ukutyala kade iitumato: angatyala enye itumato kade ukusuka ngoNovemba ukuya kuDisemba aze avune ngoMatshi ukuya kuAprili kunyaka ozayo.

2.1.Ukukhetha imihlanganisela yetumato

Kwimarike yembewu yetumata, kufuneka kuthiwe kukho intaphane yeendidi zeetumato ukusuka kwizityalo ezinyukayo ukuya kwiziqhamo ezinkulu kakhulu, iitumato zecherry, iitumato ezimile okwepere, iitumato ezimnyama, zimamela igama kodwa zifuna ukukhulisa zonke ezi tomato. .

Ukutyalwa kwemithi kufuna inkathalelo kunye nobuchule, imithi kulula ukuziqhelanisa nokusingqongileyo, ukonga ixesha kufuneka sithenge izithole kwiindawo ezifumanekayo zokonga ixesha kwi nursery kumntu wonke. Kufuneka ukhethe izithole malunga nenyanga enye ubudala, ziphuhlise ngokulinganayo kunye nobude obuphakathi, kunye namagqabi okwenene angama-3-5.

Kodwa ukuba uyayithanda, ungathenga ipakethi yembewu kwaye uzikhulisele ngokwakho ukuba ube namava ngalo mzuzu, okanye unokufumana imbewu ngetumata evuthiweyo xa uyithenga emarikeni, ukungalunganga kwale ndlela kukuba ilahlekelwa yimali. ixesha elininzi apho, ke ukuba ungumntu ongenaxesha elininzi, ukuthenga izithole sesona sisombululo silungileyo.

iindlela zokukhulisa itumata

iindlela zokukhulisa itumata

2.2.Indawo yezityalo zetumato

Izityalo ziyakuthanda ukukhanya, ngoko ke kufuneka ukhethe indawo enokukhanya okuninzi kangangoko ukutyala. Indawo enokukhanya okukhulu kwelanga, indawo enomoya, ukukhanya okunokukhanya ukusuka kusasa ukuya kutsho emva kwemini kuya kufaneleka ukutyala.

Musa ukushiya isityalo kwindawo enomswakama, apho kukho ukukhanya okuncinci, kuya kwenza ukuba isityalo siphuhliswe kwaye kulula ukusuleleka, isityalo asiphuhliswanga, isiqhamo sincinci, sincinci, ngoko xa ukhula umthi ngokwaneleyo. ukukhanya kwelanga, umthi akufuneki ushiywe, uya kukhula usempilweni, amaqunube avuthiweyo amnandi ngakumbi.

Indawo yokutyala echanekileyo yindawo ebanzi enokukhanya kwelanga imini yonke, i-balcony, ukuba unomhlaba omninzi, yityale kwigadi enelanga, oku kuya kunceda izityalo zikhule ziphilile.

2.3.Khetha imbiza yokutyala iitumato.

Umthi unamandla kakhulu okukhula, umthi uneengcambu ezininzi. Xa umthi ukwinqanaba labantu abadala, umthi uya kubeka amasebe amaninzi, umthi ukhula ngokukhawuleza, ngoko ke inqanaba lokukhetha ibhodwe libaluleke kakhulu, lithatha isigqibo sokukhula komthi kamva.

Kwizindlu zasezidolophini, uya kukhetha iibhokisi zamagwebu, iiemele, iimbiza ezinkulu, ezineemele, iimbiza, nezikhongozeli zeStyrofoam, zonke kufuneka zibe nemingxuma emininzi ngaphantsi ukuze zikwazi ukukhupha amanzi, ukunceda izityalo zingakhukuliseka xa unkcenkceshela kakhulu. .

2.4.Umhlaba wezityalo zetumato

Ngoko ukukhetha umhlaba omhle, ocebileyo kwizondlo, ukukhutshwa kakuhle kwamanzi kubaluleke kakhulu, ukugqiba ukuphuhliswa kwexesha elizayo kwesityalo. Unokuthenga ingxowa yomhlaba ngaphandle kweevenkile ezithengisa izityalo kunye nezixhobo zezolimo kwaye ungatyalwa ngokukhawuleza.

Ukongeza, ukuba unexesha kwaye unemithombo eyaneleyo yezondlo ezifanelekileyo, ungenza umhlaba wakho, indlela yokwenza ayinzima kwaye ithatha ixesha, usebenzisa umhlaba onezondlo ezininzi ezidityaniswe nezichumisi. ukwandisa ukondleka komhlaba, okuxutywe namakhoba erayisi ukwandisa ukuhlaziyeka komhlaba.

indlela yokulima iitumato ezimbizeni

indlela yokulima iitumato ezimbizeni

3.I-Synthesis yezinto ezi-8 ezibalulekileyo xa ukhula utamatisi ekhaya

Ukukhulisa izityalo zetumato kulula kakhulu, izityalo ezikhula kakuhle zingenza la manyathelo alandelayo. Izithole kunye nezityalo ezihlwayelwe kwimbewu ziya kuba nokukhula okungafaniyo kunye namaxesha okuvuna, ngoko xa kukho ixesha elincinane lokunyamekela, ndincoma ukukhula kweetamatato ukusuka kwizithole ukuze uncede ukunciphisa ixesha lokunyamekela.

3.1.Ukukhulisa izityalo zetumato kwizithole

Oku kuthathwa njengesona sisombululo sokunciphisa ixesha lokhathalelo lomntu wonke. Kufuneka ukhethe isityalo se-tomato malunga nenyanga eyi-1 ubudala, ukutyala kulula kakhulu, kufuneka ulungiselele ibhokisi ye-foam, umhlaba okhululekile kwaye ubeke umhlaba kwibhokisi uze ubeke isityalo phakathi, ugcwalise umhlaba malunga ne-½ ubunzulu besiqu, uncedo. ukuzinza komthi.

Nkcenkceshela ngokwaneleyo ukuze iingcambu zikhule ngokukhawuleza, gcina umhlaba ufumile ngexesha lokukhula kwesityalo, ngexesha lokutyala, kufuneka siwugcine kwindawo epholileyo umthi naxa sele umile iingcambu, siwubeke ngokuthe ngcembe.Tyala kwindawo enokukhanya kwelanga okuthe kratya ukuze kukhule ngcono kunye nophuhliso.

3.2.Ukukhulisa izityalo zetumato kwiimbewu

Ukuze sikwazi ukukhulisa izityalo zetumata kwiimbewu, kufuneka silungiselele ngokupheleleyo ngaphambi kokutyala ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

Khetha umhlaba onombhobho, yiza nembewu ethengiweyo ukuba uncancise kwiitreyi ze-nursery, emva koko inkungu yokumanzisa umhlaba, ubeke kwindawo enokukhanya okuphakathi, kuphela iintsuku ezi-2-3 kamva imbewu iya kuqala ukuntshula.

Xa imbewu ikhule ibe malunga namagqabi okwenyaniso ama-3, sinokuzisa imbewu ukuba siyityale kwindawo ebesiyilungisile ngaphambili.

Ukongeza, imbewu ye-tomato inokukhuliswa ngendlela eyahlukileyo kunangaphambili. Xa sithenga iitumato emarikeni, sizisike zibe ziziqwenga ezicekethekileyo ezinembewu yetumata, sizibeke kumhlaba ofumileyo ze emva kweentsuku ezimbalwa imbewu intshule ngokukhawuleza. imbewu kwakhona.

indlela yokukhulisa iitumato kwiimbewu

indlela yokukhulisa iitumato kwiimbewu

3.3.Indlela yokunyamekela izityalo zetumato

Izityalo eziphilileyo zidinga isisombululo esitsha sokukhathalela izityalo ukuba zikhule ngcono, kunye namaqunube avuthiweyo, inqanaba lokuqala lokhathalelo libaluleke kakhulu, liqinisekisa izondlo ezaneleyo, ukunkcenkceshela, uthintelo lwezifo.

3.4.Amanzi kwizityalo zetumato

Ixesha lokunkcenkceshela ngokuqhubekayo emva kokutyala, kuyimfuneko ukunkcenkceshela izityalo rhoqo, ixesha elifanelekileyo lokunkcenkceshela likusasa ekuseni okanye emva kwemini epholileyo. Amanzi ajikeleze isiseko, musa ukunkcenkceshela amagqabi esityalo, ngakumbi xa umthi uneentyatyambo, akufanele unkcenkceshelwe kwiintyatyambo zomthi.

Kwinqanaba ngalinye elihlukeneyo lokukhula kwezityalo, kuya kuba nolawulo oluhlukeneyo lokunkcenkceshela, xa isityalo sisemncinci, amanzi ngokulinganisela, xa umthi ukhulile, kufuneka unkcenkceshelwe ngakumbi, ubungakanani bamanzi abufani, ukunkcenkceshela ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi. .kuncinci ngokusekelwe emhlabeni, ukunkcenkceshela ukuba umhlaba ufunnwe ngokwaneleyo ngokwaneleyo, kwaye umhlaba usenomile kwaye umhlophe, unokongeza ngaphezulu.

Xa umthi ngexesha leentyantyambo kunye neziqhamo, kuyimfuneko ukongeza amanzi amaninzi ukunkcenkceshela umthi, ngeli xesha umthi udinga amanzi amaninzi ukugcina iintyatyambo kunye neziqhamo, ukuba kukho ukungabikho kwamanzi, amaqabunga. iya kubuna kwaye isiqhamo esincinci siya kuwa, ngoko ke kubalulekile ukunikela ingqalelo kwisixa samanzi ngamaxesha ahlukeneyo.

3.5.Umhlaba wezityalo zetumato

Umhlaba wokutyala kufuneka uhlale ungumhlaba onomoya ococekileyo, ungabi namanzi rhoqo, ukuba ukwindawo enamanzi amaninzi amileyo, kufuneka uphakanyiswe ukuze iingcambu zingakhukuliswa, ukuba ukhukulisekile, umthi uya kubola. . , ukongezelela kwizifo nezinambuzane ezitshabalalisa imithi.

Xa imozulu imvula, kuyimfuneko ukuba ube nesicwangciso sokunceda amanzi akhuphe ngokukhawuleza, ukuba amanzi ahlala iintsuku ezininzi, aya kuchaphazela umthi, ukuba ngexesha lomthi uvelisa isiqhamo, kuya kubakho into eyenzekayo. ukuqhekeka ngenxa yobuninzi kakhulu.amanzi aya kukhokelela kule meko.

Kuthiwani ngomhlaba owomileyo kunye namanzi amancinci, oku kuchaphazela kakhulu izityalo ekukhuleni, kwiintyatyambo kunye nezigaba zeziqhamo, ukuba imbalela ithatha ixesha elide, umthi uya kuba ngaphantsi kophuhliso Iziqhamo ziya kuwa rhoqo ngenxa yokungabikho kwamanzi aneleyo kwisityalo, ungasebenzisa. ingca yerayisi okanye iplastiki yokugquma umhlaba ukunqanda ukuphuphuma kwamanzi emhlabeni, oko kunceda ukucutha ilahleko yamanzi.

3.6.Yenza i-trellis yezityalo zetumato

Zininzi iindlela zokwenza i-trellis kwizityalo zetumata xa izityalo zidubula kwaye ziphuhlise amasebe. Ngenxa yokuba sisityalo se-herbaceous, sibuthathaka kakhulu kwaye iingcambu ziyawa xa zidibana nomoya kunye nemvula eninzi, kwinqanaba leentyatyambo, isiqhamo esinzima siya kwenza i-trunk ibe buthathaka, ukuba akunjalo, isiqhamo se-tomato ngokuqinisekileyo asikwazi ukukhula. phezulu.

Sinokwenza i-truss elula ngolu hlobo lulandelayo: sebenzisa izibonda ze-bamboo okanye intambo yokuxhoma, kuxhomekeke ekubeni unokufumana izinto eziyimfuneko, uze ulungise izibonda ze-bamboo kunye kunye nokuqinisa umzimba kwi-bamboo pole.

Ukunyuka kwezityalo, sifuna isigqubuthelo esinde kwaye esinamandla. Oku kuya kuqinisekisa ukuba kamva xa umthi umde, awuyi kuwa kwaye uchaphazele isivuno.

Iminatha eyomeleleyo ingasetyenziselwa ukwenza i-trellis yezityalo ze-tomato ukunyuka, kufuneka nje ubeke i-rig kakuhle, iitumato ziya kuba zikhulu kakhulu kwaye zinike isivuno esiphezulu.

indlela yokukhulisa iitumato kwi-styrofoam

indlela yokukhulisa iitumato kwi-styrofoam

3.7.Isichumiso kwizityalo zetumato

Izityalo zidinga isixa esikhulu sesichumiso ukunceda izityalo zikhule, ngakumbi izityalo zidinga izondlo ezininzi ngexesha leentyantyambo kunye neziqhamo. Ngeli xesha, sinokusebenzisa izichumisi ezininzi zeekhemikhali, izichumisi eziphilayo, izichumisi eziluhlaza ukunceda ukukhula kwemithi enempilo kunye nokuvelisa iziqhamo ezininzi.

Phawula: Xa usebenzisa izichumisi eziluhlaza, i-trunk iya kuphuhliswa kakhulu kwaye ngokunjalo namagqabi, kodwa isiqhamo siya kuba sincinci kwaye isivuno siya kuncitshiswa kakhulu. Silima iitumato ukuze sifumane iziqhamo, hayi amagqabi kunye neziqu.

3.8.Ukulawula izinambuzane zetumato

Imithi ineendidi ezininzi zohlaselo lwezinambuzane, ingakumbi ezitya iziqhamo kunye nezitya amagqabi, ezibonakala kakhulu ngexesha lokukhula kwemithi.

Grey worm: Umbungu ongwevu luhlobo lwentshulube elala nzulu emhlabeni kwaye ikholisa ukuza ebusuku izoluma imithi, ivele kakhulu ngexesha lokutyala. Ngoko ke, xa usenza umhlaba, kufuneka ukwenze ngokucophelela, usebenzisa i-lime powder eninzi ukutshabalalisa inambuzane yomhlaba, uncede ukucoca umhlaba kwizinambuzane kunye nezifo.

Iibhorensi zeziqhamo: oku kuthathwa njengombungu onamandla kakhulu, umbungu udla ngokubeka amaqanda emagqabini, xa uqanduselwa, uya kukhula ube ngumbungu omncinci kwaye utye amagqabi. Ngoko ke, xa sibona iimpawu, kufuneka sifumane kwaye sisuse ngokukhawuleza ukunciphisa ukukhula kunye nokusasazeka kweziqhamo. Ukuba ibukhali, amayeza okubulala izinambuzane anokusetyenziswa ukuyiphelisa.

Izityalo zetumato zihlala zithwaxwa zizifo eziyingozi kunezifo zamachokoza amagqabi, ukubola kade, ukujijeka kwamagqabi, esi sifo sihlala sihlasela umthi ngexesha lokutshintsha kwexesha lonyaka, imvula enkulu yenza ukuba isityalo singakhuli kakhulu, singadubi kakhulu. . Xa ubona into engaqhelekanga, kufuneka uye kwivenkile ethengisa iimveliso zokukhusela izityalo ukuze ufumane imiyalelo ethile malunga nendlela yokubulala i-fungus eyonakalisa izityalo ze-tomato.

Zilinywa njani iitumato ezinomthi

Zilinywa njani iitumato ezinomthi

Indlela yokukhulisa iitumato ngembewu yeziqhamo

Indlela yokukhulisa iitumato ezihlala ziluhlaza kwaye zizele ziziqhamo kwibhokisi ye-styrofoam

ubuchule bokukhulisa iitumato kwi-styrofoam

ubuchule bokukhulisa iitumato kwi-styrofoam

Indlela yokukhulisa nokunyamekela iitumato

Indlela yokukhulisa nokunyamekela iitumato

Indlela yokukhulisa imbewu yetumata

Indlela yokukhulisa imbewu yetumata

Indlela entsha yokutyala idala indawo entsha

Indlela entsha yokutyala idala indawo entsha

Indlela yokukhulisa imithi yeziqhamo

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