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Nazi izityalo eziphezulu zokuhombisa ukukhula njengocingo oluhle

IINTLOBO ZEZITYALO ZE-BAMBOO

Ekuqaleni) IQEMBU LELOLI

intonga yokuloba ngoqalo

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Bambusa multiplex

Usapho: Poaceae (irayisi)

Amanye amagama: i-bamboo eluhlaza, i-bamboo hoa dragon

luqalo oluhlala luluhlaza, olunesiqu esithe tye esiziimitha ezi-2-8 ubude. I-trunk ibhityile, i-20 – 30 mm ububanzi kunye ne-internodes 8 – 10 cm ukuhlukana. Amaqela asenokukhululeka, ngakumbi kwiindawo ezifudumeleyo apho isityalo sinokuqhuba kancinane.

Bona ezinye iimpawu zentonga yokuloba i-bamboo apha

2) TRUC KUYEN TU

Umthi we-bamboo womkhosi

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Phyllostachys aurea

Usapho: Poaceae (irayisi)

Amanye amagama: i-bamboo ephuzi, i-Dalat bamboo

I-Truc Quan Tu inohlobo lwesihlahla esikhula kancinci, sithe tye, umzimba utyheli oqaqambileyo, wahlulwe waba ngamacandelo amancinci amaninzi, athambileyo kwaye abhityileyo. Umyinge wobude bomthi yi-1-3m.

Bona ezinye iimpawu zomthi we-bamboo apha

3) ITRIKILE ZENKUKHU

ithanga lenkukhu bamboo

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Bambusa ventricosa

Usapho: Poaceae (irayisi)

Amanye amagama: bamboo kunye namathanga enkukhu

Iziqu zidibene, 1-3m ukuphakama, 1-4cm ububanzi. Umthi owenziwe ngamaza; isiqu eside 1.5 – 5 cm; iqhuma emazantsi, njengethanga lenkukhu; umsesane wokutsha onyuswe kancinci; Umzimba ukhonkotha buluhlaza bumnyama, butyheli xa umdala.

Bona ezinye iimpawu zamathanga enkukhu apha

4) ISITLOMO SESISEKO ESITHULU

i-bamboo yegolide

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Bambusa vulgaris

Usapho: Poaceae (irayisi)

Amanye amagama: i-bamboo enamafutha

I-bamboo ephuzi yeyona ntlobo ixhaphakileyo yokufumana i-bamboo ekulinyweni kuMzantsi-mpuma we-Asia kwaye ikhuliswe kwiheji, ekuphela kweentlobo zaseAsia ezixhaphakileyo kwihlabathi elitsha. Ngenxa yokuba iziqu kunye namasebe ayo athatha iingcambu ngokulula, imvelo yenza ii-monocots ezithile ngasemlanjeni, ecaleni kwendlela, kunye nomhlaba ovulekileyo.

Bona Okuninzi

ISIQHAMO SABHORA

Umthi weHoang Nam

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Monoon longifolium

Usapho: Annonaceae (ikhukhamba)

Elinye Igama: Mystic

Umthi omncinci ukuya kwephakathi ohlala uluhlaza kunye neendawo ezimxinwa, ezingaphezulu kunye namasebe anamanzi. Idla ngokukhula ukuya kutsho kwi-8 – 12 m ekulimeni, kodwa inokufikelela kwi-20 m endle. Iziqu Iziqu ezithe tye ezinexolo eligudileyo, elingwevu-mdaka. Amagqabi Amagqabi agudileyo, akhazimlayo, a-lanceolate, anemida eyahlukileyo yamaza (11 – 31 cm ubude, 2.5 – 8 cm ububanzi).

Bona Okuninzi

UDONGA LWESAKHIWO

udonga lomthi wekhokhonathi

Ulwazi

Igama lezenzululwazi: Ficus microcarpa

Usapho: i-Moraceae (i-mulberry)

Amanye amagama: umthi wekhokhonathi, umthi wesikamore

Umthi wekakhukhunathi uvela e-China, eMpuma ye-Asia, i-Indian subcontinent, i-Indochina, i-Malesia, i-Australia kunye nommandla we-Southwestern Pacific, kodwa iye yaziswa kwaye yalinywa eMelika, kuquka i-West Indies kunye ne-USA.

Bona Okuninzi

IIINTYAMBO IPHEPHA

Iintyatyambo zephepha

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Bougainvillea

Usapho: Nyctaginaceae (iintyatyambo zephepha)

Amanye amagama: umthi wephepha

Umdiliya, okanye umthi omncinci, wentsapho enamagqabi amane (Nyctaginaceae), inzalelwane yaseMazantsi eMelika. Iintlobo ezininzi zinemiqolo emininzi. Kuphela yimidiliya enemithi efumaneka ngokubanzi; Ezinye iintlobo zivelise imihlanganiselwa enemibala emininzi, ehlala ikhuliswa ngaphakathi kunye nakwiindawo zokugcina izityalo.

Bona Okuninzi

Umthi ongapheliyo

Umthi wepine osisigxina

Ulwazi

Igama lezenzululwazi: Podocarpus macrophyllus

Usapho: I-Podocarpaceae (i-bamboo pine)

Elinye igama: umthi wompayina onamagqabi amade

Sisihlahla esishinyeneyo esihlala siluhlaza esihlala siluhlaza okanye icone emxinwa ekhula kakuhle kunxweme lweNC kwaye ikhule iye kuthi ga kwi-6.5′ ubude, nangona uhlobo lomthi lwesi sityalo lunokukhula lufikelele kwi-50′ ubude. Kwiindawo ezibandayo, inokusetyenziswa njengesityalo sokutya ukuzisa ngaphandle kweenyanga zasebusika. Ihambelana kakuhle nokusika ngoko ngamanye amaxesha isetyenziselwa ukuyila ucingo

Bona Okuninzi

ISIQHAMO OMHLOPHE

umthi onamagqabi amhlophe

Ulwazi

Igama lezenzululwazi: Cordia latifolia

Usapho: Cordia latifolia (umboko wendlovu)

Amanye amagama: umthi we-albino

Amagqabi amhlophe asetyenziswa ikakhulu kumagqabi aneempawu zombala wamagqabi anamandla anamandla kunye nokunyamezela imbalela. Ifanelekile ukutyala okudumileyo kuyo yonke imimandla yelizwe lethu. Akukho mntu ubonakala ezikhathalele kakhulu iintyatyambo. Kwaye uninzi lwazo zityalwa njengeheji kunye neengubo

Bona Okuninzi

IZITYALO ZASENTSHONA

isityalo sejasmine

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Tabernaemontana divaricata

Usapho: Apocynaceae (mam)

Amanye amagama: usiba oluswiti, inyathi yejasmine, ikeyiki ebuziwe, intyatyambo yejasmine

IJasmine sisihlahla esihlala siluhlaza okanye umthi omncinci oziimitha ezi-0.5 ukuya kwezi-5 ubude. Esi sityalo sikhule e-China njengesityalo samayeza kunye nesihombiso phantse kulo lonke elasetropiki kunye ne-subtropics ngenxa yeentyantyambo zayo ezivumbayo nezinomtsalane.

Bona Okuninzi

UNYANA Phi Hong umthi wekhephu

umthi wekhephu opinki opeyintwe

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Leucophyllum frutescens

Usapho: I-Scrophulariaceae (usapho lwengcuka yomlomo, usapho lweginseng emnyama)

Amanye amagama: Umthi ophaphazelayo wekhephu-wentaba, umthi we-Snow-mountain

Isihlahla esingwevu esinamagqabi ashinyeneyo agqunyiweyo, asiliva kunye nombala opinki anoboya be-stellate, iintyatyambo zi-symmetrical ngokudibeneyo, zodwa kwii-axils zamagqabi. Ngokuqhelekileyo isihlahla esixineneyo, i-2-5 ft ubude, i-barometer yase-Texas okanye i-cenizo bush ngamanye amaxesha ifikelela kwi-8 ft ubude kunye ne-4-6 ft ububanzi. Amagqabi angwevu ngesiliva ukuya bubluish, athambe xa ebamba, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-1 1/4 intshi ubude kodwa ubukhulu becala yi-intshi e-1 okanye ngaphantsi, ajonge kwisiseko kuneengcebiso ezingqukuva, imida egudileyo. Iintyatyambo zimfusa ukuya komfusa, ngamanye amaxesha zipinki, ziphantse ukumilise okwentsimbi, ukuya kutsho kwi-intshi e-1 ubude nobubanzi, zivela ngamaxesha athile ukusuka entlakohlaza ukuya ekwindla. I-capsule encinci.

Bona Okuninzi

I-HIBISCUS

i-hibiscus

Ulwazi

Igama lezenzululwazi: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Usapho: Malvaceae (Mallow)

Amanye amagama: hibiscus, hibiscus

luhlobo lwemithi yeqabaka ehlala iluhlaza ekusenokwenzeka ukuba inzalelwane yaseAsia yetropiki. Akukho bantu basendle kwesi sityalo bafunyenweyo kumaxesha anamhlanje. Eli gama liqhele ukusetyenziswa kwimihlanganisela yehibiscus yetropikhi, nangona ingabonisi ngokupheleleyo uhlobo olubandakanyekayo kwimihlanganiselwa yanamhlanje. Isityalo sibonakaliswe ngamagqabi aluhlaza, amazinyo, aluhlaza (ukuya kwi-6″) amagqabi aluhlaza kunye neentyatyambo ezinkulu ezinjengefuneli.

Bona Okuninzi

ISITOLO ESINCINANE ESINCINCI

umthi wesikamore onamagqabi amancinane

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Allamanda cathartica

Usapho: Apocynaceae (mam)

Elinye igama: Yellow Fluorescent

Iicycads ezinamahlamvu amancinci zizalelwa eMzantsi Melika kubandakanya iBrazil, iFrench Guyana, iGuyana, iSuriname kunye neVenezuela. Ngaphandle koluhlu lwayo lwemveli, iqhele ukwenziwa ngokwendalo kwaye ikhuliswe njengendawo yokuhombisa kwiindawo ezifudumeleyo, ezitshisayo nezinemozulu eshushu kwihlabathi jikelele.

Bona Okuninzi

ROSACE

URosace

Ulwazi

Igama lezenzululwazi: Rosa multiflora

Usapho: Rosaceae (iirozi)

Amanye amagama: ipinki eneentyantyambo ezininzi, udonga lwaseJapan, udonga lwasendle

Ngaba ityholo lomdiliya okanye umdiliya okhule kakhulu, unamagqabi amaninzi okanye ngaphantsi; i-trunk idla ngokuba nde kwaye inyuka malunga ne-6 m ukuphakama, ihlala ikhula ngokutshintshanayo kunye ne-branching, idla ngobuninzi, inoboya; armature 0 okanye ezimbalwa ukuya ngaphezulu, ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi rhoqo, sicaba, izikhonkwane ezidibeneyo. Amagqabi aneepere ezi-3-4 zamaphecana; i-petioles 15-30- (35) mm ubude, i-lanceolate kwaye ngamanye amaxesha i-glaular;

Bona Okuninzi

UMTHI WONWABA (UZA BOMVU)

umthi owonwabileyo obomvu

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Alpinia purpurata

Usapho: Zingiberaceae (ijinja)

Amanye amagama: I-galangal emfusa okanye i-galangal ebomvu

Isityalo esinevumba elimnandi, amagqabi ahluma ubude obu-1-5 m (kwimo ekhulayo inokufikelela kwi-7 m ubude). Amagqabi ayi-oblong, 30-80 cm ubude, 10-22 cm ububanzi, agudileyo, iapex, sessile, iapex ayiqhelekanga, 2-lobed, 7-20 mm ubude, i-crescent-shaped, sheaths apical and longitudinal ecaleni komphetho.

Bona Okuninzi

IZITYALO ZEMVELI

Umthi weTrang Thai

Ulwazi

Igama lezenzululwazi: Iintlobo ze-Ixora

Usapho: Ikofu – Rubiaceae

Amanye amagama: i-peony, isityalo somqhaphu

I-genus enkulu equlathe malunga ne-540 yeentlobo zezihlahla ezihlala ziluhlaza kunye nemithi kusapho lwe-Rubiaceae lwenzalelwane yemimandla yetropiki kunye ne-subtropical kwihlabathi jikelele kunye neziko lokwahluka kwe-Asia. Zinamagqabi akhazimlayo, aluthwathwa kunye neqela elikhulu leenkwenkwezi okanye iintyatyambo ze-tubular eziveliswa ehlotyeni. Ezinye iintlobo zikhuliswa njengezihlahla zegadi, njengezityalo ze-aquarium kwiindawo ezipholileyo, kwaye ngamanye amaxesha njengezityalo zokuhombisa.

Bona Okuninzi

IZITYALO ZENJONGO

Umthi Onyulu Onyulu

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Hymenocallis littoalis

Usapho: Amaryllidaceae (iinyibiba)

Amanye amagama: umthi womsipres

Indlela yokukhula, ukunyamekela: Ukukholisa esi sityalo kufuna amanzi amaninzi kunye nokukhanya kwelanga, kunye nomxube oyingqayizivele womhlaba. Ngokunyanyekelwa kakuhle, izikhondo zezi zityalo zinokukhula zibe malunga neesentimitha ezingama-60 ubude, kwaye iintyatyambo zinokukhula ngokulula zibe yimitha engama-30 ubude xa zivuleke ngokupheleleyo. Iintyatyambo zivelisa ivumba elinamandla levanila.

Bona Okuninzi

IZITHALO ZESIQHAMO

Umthi weHuynh Lien

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Tecoma stans

Usapho: Bignoniaceae

Amanye amagama: uHuynh Lien, i-scallops yomqhaphu emthubi

sisityholo okanye umthi omncinci okhula ukuya kwi-8 m, kunqabile ukuba ube yi-10 m, kwaye ukuya kuthi ga kwi-25 cm ububanzi besiqu. Izityalo kwimidiya eshinyeneyo zidla ngokuba zincinci ezinobude obuyi-5-6 m. Ihlala iluhlaza kwiindawo ezifudumeleyo nezimanzi kodwa ijika ibe luhlaza kwiindawo ezinemozulu epholileyo kunye nexesha lonyaka elomileyo.

Bona Okuninzi

INTYAMBO YEBHANA

Umthi weBhanana weHybrid

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Canna × generalis

Usapho: Cannaceae (galangal)

Elinye igama: intyatyambo yebhanana engumxube

Uhlobo lokukhula Sisityalo serhizome esikhula sibe malunga ne-1.5 m ubude. Amagqabi Amagqabi awo a-ovate anemibala emininzi, anamabhanti atyheli ecaleni kwemithambo. Iintyatyambo I-inflorescence yayo eme nkqo inebracts ebomvu kunye neentyatyambo eziorenji.

Bona Okuninzi

IZITYALO ZEBHANA

Umthi weBhanana oMilomo

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Pachira aquatica

Usapho: I-Heliconiaceae (intaka yesibhakabhaka)

Amanye amagama: intaka yasezulwini

yimifuno ehlala ikhula kwiCaribbean nakuMzantsi Melika. Ikhuliswa njengendawo yokuhombisa kwaye intyatyambo ixatyiswa kurhwebo lwamazwe ngamazwe. Nangona kunjalo, bambalwa abantu abaziyo ngeemfuno zayo zesondlo.

Bona Okuninzi

ISITyala sokucamngca (MOOC TOC)

umthi we-magnolia

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Herba Equiseti debilis

Usapho: Equisetaceae (Equisetaceae)

Amanye amagama: umchweli

Iziqu ezininzi kunye namasebe zi-tubular, 7 – 15 cm ubude, ngamanye amaxesha ukuya kuma-30 cm, 0.1 – 0.2 cm ububanzi, bumnyama obumnyama. Amasebe aluhlaza, atyheli okanye a-ash-gray, anemijelo emininzi ehambelanayo yobude, nganye ehambelana nesiphene kwixolo. Isebe lahlulahlulwe yangamacandelo amaninzi..

bona Okuninzi

ROSE

umthi obomvu we rose

Ulwazi

Igama lezenzululwazi: Rose sp

Usapho: Rosaceae (iirozi)

Amanye amagama: rose tree, rose

Ezi zityholo ezithe tye okanye ezinyukayo ezineziqu ezinameva kunye namasebe. Amagqabi adityaniswe neentsiba ezingaqhelekanga, amagqabi arhwexayo, anamagqabi akhaphayo. Iintyatyambo ezinevumba elimnandi, imibala eyahlukeneyo: ipinki, emhlophe, etyheli okanye ebomvu … Iintyatyambo zihlala zinamagqabi amaninzi kuba i-stamens yamadoda ijika ibe. Isitya sentyatyambo esimilise okwekomityi. Isiqhamo sibanjwe, siqokelelwe kwisiseko seentyatyambo ukujiya isiqhamo.

Bona Okuninzi

INJONGO YOMTYALO

Umthi welentile omfusa waseThai

Ulwazi

Igama lenzululwazi: Lagerstroemia speciosa

Usapho: iLythaceae (iLythaceae)

Amanye amagama: umthi one-mausoleum, ene-mausoleum emfusa

I-Thai Lang Lang (i-Dwarf Lang Lang) luhlobo olutsha lwentyatyambo yeLang Lang engeniswe kwilizwe lethu. Kusenjalo umbala omfusa osikhumbuza iinkumbulo ezininzi zabafundi, kodwa njengemausoleum …

Bona Okuninzi

LAUREL

Laurel

Ulwazi

Igama lesayensi: Laurus nobilis

Usapho: Lauraceae (laurel)

Amanye amagama: umnyama wenyanga

Umthi weBay sisihlahla esihlala siluhlaza okanye umthi omncinci oziimitha ezi-2-15 ubude. I-bay tree sisityalo sokuhombisa esiqhele ukukhulela ukusetyenziswa njengokutya kunye nencasa yamayeza. Isityalo sixatyiswe ukususela kumaxesha amandulo. Inikezelwe kuApollo, uthixo wokukhanya kwaye ikwangumqondiso woxolo noloyiso. Yayisetyenziselwa ukwenza izithsaba zeenkosi, iinjengele kunye neembongi

Bona Okuninzi

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