TOP 10 các loại gỗ quý nhất thế giới và các loại gỗ quý ở Việt Nam | Hatgiongtihon.net

Ngaba wakha wazibuza ukuba kutheni kukho umahluko omkhulu kangaka wamaxabiso xa kufikwa kwezona mithi zixabisekileyo ehlabathini? Oku kungenxa yokuba ukuxhaphazwa ngokugqithisileyo nokusetyenziswa kwamaplanga kukhokelele ekubeni la maplanga endalo anqabe kwaye afune ukhuseleko.

Iinkuni zendalo zihlulwe zibe ngamaqela amaninzi, apho iinkuni ezixabisekileyo ze-2 kunye ne-1 zizona zibiza kakhulu kwaye zinqabile. Nangona kunjalo, ezi nkuni zikwasemngciphekweni wokuphela ngenxa yokusetyenziswa ngokugqithiseleyo kunye nokusetyenziswa ngokugqithiseleyo. Kule nqaku, siya kukhankanya i-10 ephezulu yeenkuni ezixabisekileyo kwihlabathi kwaye ziqaphe ngokubomvu.

1. Wood Bocote

Ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokuBuyela eHlabathini

Umthi weBocote waziwa njenge iinkuni ezinqabileyo Emhlabeni. Ivumba lalo mthi lisetyenziswa kakhulu kwi-aromatherapy kunye namafutha abalulekileyo. Utshintsha ngombala ukusuka kwintshontsho ukuya kutsho kumdaka omnyama nonemigca emnyama, umphezulu womthi weBocote uzaliswe ziinkozo ezintle nezincinane. Obu buhle bumangalisayo benza umthi weBocote ube yintandokazi phakathi kwabenzi bomthi kunye nabayili bangaphakathi bempahla yasekhaya kunye nezixhobo zomculo.

Njengomthi onqabileyo ophezulu, akumangalisi ukuba iBocote ikuluhlu Ngowuphi owona mthi ubiza kakhulu ehlabathini?. Abasebenzi bemithi badla ngokufuneka baye eMzantsi Melika okanye eMexico ukuze bazingele ezi nkuni.

2. IRosewood

Iintlobo zeGo Quy Hiem Nhat The Gioi 1

I-Cam Lai ngumthi oxabisekileyo, opinki-mdaka, kunye nemithambo emnyama, eqinile, ecolekileyo, i-brittle, iingcambu ezicutshungulweyo, icandelo elinqamlezayo eligudileyo, iingcambu ezipolishiwe. IRosewood ilinywa kakhulu eAfrika, izinga lokukhula liyacotha. Lo mthi uthandwa kakhulu ekwenzeni izixhobo zomculo kwakunye nezinto ezizithandayo kubenzi bezandla.

Ibekwe kwindawo yesi-2 uluhlu lweenkuni iqela 1, irosewood inomdaka omnyama, bupinki kancinane okanye bumdaka kancinane, inemigca kwaye inomaleko wentlaka emnyama. Ukukhupha okona kuqaqamba kakhulu, kufuna ukuba umsebenzisi ahlikihle kwaye adaye iinkuni.

Isici esikhethekileyo seCam Lai kukukwazi ukutshintsha umbala ukusuka kwi-orenji, obomvu ophuzi ukuya kumfusa obomvu nomnyama, kodwa uzisa ubuhle obukhangayo kunye nobuhle obukhangayo. Ngaphandle koko, irosemary ikwanevumba elithozamisayo nelinomtsalane, njengevumba leerozi.

Unokuzama ukujonga umgangatho wokhuni ngokuthepha ngobumnene kwi-trunk, isandi kufuneka sicace kwaye sicace. Kwakhona ngenxa yolu phawu Elona planga lixabisekileyo ehlabathini Oku kuhlala kusetyenziselwa ukwenza izixhobo zomculo ezifana negitare, ipiyano, njl.

3. Sua iinkuni

Ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokuBuyela eHlabathini 2

Umthi weSua eVietnam ufaniswa negolide kuba lo mthi ungomnye we iinkuni ezixabisekileyo eVietnam. Ngaphambili, iSua wood yayingumthi oqhele ukulinywa eMntla. Kwada kwayimini enye kwafunyaniswa ukuba iSua wood ikhethekile kakhulu kuba xa itshisiwe, inevumba elithozamisayo njengeSandalwood neAgarwood.

Abaphandi baye bafumanisa ukuba ioli efunekayo evela kwi-Sua wood inemiphumo emihle kakhulu kwimpilo, ngakumbi abo banesifo senhliziyo. Ukususela ngoko, i-Sua wood yaqala ukuthandwa ngakumbi kwaye izingelwa, ekhokelela ekubeni kuluhlu olubomvu, phantse iphelile. Ngoko ke, ixabiso leSua wood liye laba ngoku owona mthi uxabisekileyo eVietnam kwaye zibiza kakhulu.

4. Purple Heart Wood

Ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokuBuyela eHlabathini 3

I-Purple Heart Wood yinzalelwane kwimimandla yoMbindi kunye noMzantsi Melika, la mahlathi ashinyeneyo afumaneka kakhulu kumahlathi ashinyeneyo aseBrazil, eSuriname naseGuyana anobukhulu obunomtsalane ukuya kuthi ga kwi-30 ukuya kwi-50 yeemitha ezinobubanzi obuziimitha ezi-1.5. Purple Heart iba enye iinkuni ezinqabileyo emhlabeni Ngenxa yeempawu zayo ezihlala ixesha elide, ukumelana nokutshintsha kweqondo lokushisa kunye nokufuma, umbala nawo uthambile kakhulu, ufanelekile ukwenza ifenitshala.

Nangona kunjalo, ukuqina kunye nee-oyile zendalo kwisakhiwo somthi zingonakalisa izixhobo zokulungisa, zigubungele i-saw edges, kunye nezixhobo zokusika kunye nokubhola. Nangona kunjalo, umtsalane omangalisayo wePurple Heart kunye nombala otsala amehlo kuyenza ibenye iqela iinkuni ezixabisekileyo Uninzi lwazo luphuma kuMbindi nakuMzantsi Merika.

5. Wood Lignum Vitae

Ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokuBuyela eHlabathini 4

Ukuba uyazibuza Loluphi uhlobo lomthi olona lubiza kakhulu?, ke impendulo Lignum Vitae. I-Lignum vitae ligama eliqhelekileyo leqela leentlobo zemithi ezi-6, iiplanga ezinqabileyo zehlabathi zidume ngokuhlala, ubukhulu kunye nokuqina. I-Lignum Vitae umbala wokhuni unokuvela kumnquma ukuya kumnyama omnyama obomvu ukuya kumnyama, ngamanye amaxesha obomvu. Imibala ithande ukuba mnyama ngokukhula, ngakumbi xa ibekwe ekukhanyeni.

Ekuqaleni lo mthi wawuxatyiswa kwaye wawukoluhlu Loluphi ukhuni olona luxabisekileyo? ngenxa yeempawu zayo zonyango. Incindi ye-waxy yomthi isetyenziswe ukunyanga zonke iintlobo zeentlungu kunye neentlungu eziquka isifo samathambo kunye ne-bronchitis. Iitshiphusi zokhuni nazo zenziwe ukwenziwa kweti. Nangona kunjalo, iimpawu ezibonakalayo zomthi ziye zathatha indawo yokusetyenziswa kwezonyango kwaye ngokuthe ngcembe zisetyenziswa ngakumbi nangakumbi kwifanitshala.

6. IRosewood

Ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokuBuyela eHlabathini 5

Ivory rosewood yaziwa njengenye ye owona mthi unqabileyo eVietnam kunye nehlabathi. Lo mthi uvela kuluhlu olubanzi lwemibala ukusuka kumbala opinki, ukuya kwipinki eqaqambileyo, phantse i-neon pink, ukuya kubomvu obunzulu. Kodwa owona mbala uxabiseke kakhulu womthi yipinki eqaqambileyo, edla ngokusetyenziselwa ukwenza imisebenzi yezandla nemisebenzi yezandla.

Okwangoku, i-rosewood isetyenziswe ngokugqithisileyo, ekhokelela ekuphelisweni kokuphela, ukuze ufumane nokuthenga olu hlobo owona mthi uxabisekileyo Oku kunokuba nzima kakhulu.

7. Ebony Wood

Ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokuBuyela eHlabathini 6

I-Ebony iyalinywa kwaye isasazwe ngokubanzi kwiindawo ezitshisayo. Lo ngumthi oqinileyo odumileyo kuluhlu lwezona mithi zixabisekileyo ehlabathini ngenxa yobunzima bawo, inkangeleko ekhazimlayo kunye neendleko eziphezulu.

Umbala we-ebony udla ngokuba ngumnyama otshintshanayo obomvu-omdaka, ofaneleke kakhulu kwimifanekiso eqingqiweyo kunye nokwenza ifanitshala. Ngenxa yendibaniselwano yendawo yokuhlala enyiniweyo, ukukhula okucothayo kunye nemfuno ephezulu, iye yaba yenye ye iinkuni ezixabisekileyo kwimarike yeenkuni namhlanje.

8. Isiqhumiso seAgarwood

Ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokuBuyela eHlabathini 7

IAgarwood okanye ido Bau, eyaziwa kumazwe amaninzi aseAsia, luhlobo lomthi wepayina kuludwe lwezityalo zamayeza. owona mthi uxabisekileyo eVietnam. Ukuchaneka, i-agarwood yinkuni emnyama enentlaka eyenza i-Aquilaria kunye ne-Gyrinops (imithi emikhulu ehlala eluhlaza ehlala eMzantsi-mpuma Asia) emva kokuba yosulelwe yi-fungus.

Ngaphambi kosulelo lomngundo, ukhuni luya kuba lula kwaye lube luhlaza ngombala. Nangona kunjalo, njengoko usulelo luqhubela phambili, umthi weagarwood uqalisa ukuvelisa intlaka emnyama enuka kamnandi ekwaziyo ukumelana nokungunda. I-Agarwood ixabiswa kwiinkcubeko ezininzi kunye nawona maplanga axabisekileyo kwihlabathi ngenxa yevumba lawo elahlukileyo, kwaye ke isetyenziselwa ukwenza ioyile ebalulekileyo kunye neziqholo.

9. Isanda

Ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokuBuyela eHlabathini 8

Ngokunyanisekileyo kwigama lesandalwood, lo ngumthi onevumba elimnandi, odla ngokusasazwa kuwo wonke uMzantsi-mpuma weAsia nakwiziqithi ezikuMzantsi Pasifiki.

Umthi we-sandalwood wokwenyani uyakukhula ube kubude obumalunga ne-10 leemitha, ubenamagqabi afanayo, achaseneyo kumasebe kwaye achaphazeleke ngokuyinxenye kwiingcambu zezinye iintlobo zemithi. Zombini umthi kunye neengcambu zineoyile enuka kamnandi emthubi, eyaziwa ngokuba yioyile yesandalwood, eli vumba lihlala iminyaka emininzi kwizinto ezinje ngeebhokisi zokuhombisa, ifenitshala, njl.

Ngenxa yeli vumba elimnandi, iSandalwood ixhatshazwa kakhulu, ibe yenye ye amaqela emithi enqabileyo kunye nelona libiza kakhulu emhlabeni

10. Iinkuni zaseAfrika eziMnyama

Ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokuBuyela eHlabathini 9

Kwaye inkuni yokugqibela ikuluhlu oluphezulu lwe-10 iinkuni ezixabisekileyo yi-African Black Wood. Ngumthi oshinyeneyo we-waxy ogqwesileyo ekuqingqeni iinkcukacha ezincinci, nto leyo eyenza ibe lolona khetho lubalaseleyo lokukrolwa komthi okanye ukwenza isixhobo somculo.

Ekubeni lo mthi ukhula ngokucothayo, unokuthabatha iminyaka engama-60 ukuvuthwa, ngoko ixabiso lomthi libiza kakhulu. Enye into eyenza lo mthi udume kukuba i-heartwood inombala omnyama we-indigo.

+ Ezinye iinkuni ezinqabileyo emhlabeni:

Ukongezelela kwezona mithi zixabisekileyo ehlabathini, kukho iindidi ezingaphezu kwama-30 zomthi iqela lamaplanga 1 nazo zinqabile kwaye ziyabiza azikho ngaphantsi kwezi ntlobo zingasentla. Ungabhekisa kwitheyibhile engezantsi yamagama emithi enqabileyo kunye nenqabileyo ehlanganiswe ngoku kwiWikipedia kunye nemithombo eyahlukeneyo:

STT Amagama emithi enqabileyo Igama lesayensi Elinye igama
Ekuqaleni Ngamaso Lagerstroemia calyculata Pierre ex Laness.
2 Rosewood Dalbergia olivier Gamble ex Prain IRosewood, iRosewood, iRosewood
3 Rosewood Ba Ria I-Dalbergia bariensis Pierr
4 I-Rosewood Dong Nai I-Dalbergia dongnaiensis Pierre
5 Cam Lien Shorea siamensis Miq. Ikofu kufuphi
6 Cam Thi Diospyros siamensis Warb
7 Isandalwood Pterocarpus pedatus (Pierre) Gagnep.
8 Ivumba leBhutsi Pterocarpus cambodianus Pierre
9 Iliso lentaka livumba Pterocarpus indicus Willd. IKrisimesi / ivumba laseIndiya
Shumi Ivumba elikhulu elineziqhamo Pterocarpus macrocarpus Kurz
11 Du sam Keteleeria davidiana (Bertrand) Beissner Ngo Tung, Limestone Du sam
Ishumi elinambini Cao Bang durian Keteleeria calcarea WC Cheng et LKFu
13 Chwetheza obomvu Afzelia xylocarpa (Kurz) Craib Irharnati, ikofu
14 Maw Sindora maritima Pierre
15 I-mahogany yobusi Sindora siamensis Teijsn. Ex Miq. Chwetheza igama lokugqithisa
16 imophu Sindora tonkinensis A.Chev ex K. et SS Larsen Ukunkqonkqoza i-mop, i-mahogany, i-oyile yokunkqonkqoza, yinkqonkqoza inkungu
17 Inkundla yasebukhosini imema Cupressus funebris Endl. Royal willow, jade
18 Iinkuni zeHue Dalberga sp
19 Huynh Duong Dysoxylon loureirii (Pierre) Pierre
20 Iperfume emfusa? Pterocarpus sp
21 Isiqwenga seentyatyambo Chukrasia tabularis A. Juss.
22 Ulusu lobhedu Chukrasia sp
23 Izilayi ze-Chunky Chukrasia sp
24 Izilayi eziluhlaza Chukrasia var. quadrivalvis Pell
25 Isiqwenga seentsiba Chukrasia var. velutina ukumkani
26 Ndinelishwa ISideroxylon eburneum A. Chev.
27 I-ebony eneempondo Diospyros ebony A. Chev. ex Lecomte UMun
28 Iebhony enemigca IDiospyros sp
29 Udaka Olumnyama Senna siamea (Lam.) HSIrwin et Barneby
30 Po mu Fokienia hodginsii (Dunn) A.Henry & HHThomas
amashumi amathathu kuqala Ioli yeSamu Cunninghamia konishii Hayta I-Que Phong sarcophagus, imithi yaseJapan yepine
32 Igazi elipeyintiweyo Melanorrhoea laccifera Pierre Peyinta ipepile, peyinta ihlathi
33 Sua I-Dalbergia tonkinensis Prain Ingxaki
34 Ulwazi Pinus krempfii Lecomte Iinaliti zepine ezicaba
35 Ipayini yompayina Podocarpus neriifolius D.Don Ikhulu Leminyaka
36 Iimbaza (eMazantsi eBo) IFagraea inuka iRoxb. Iimbaza, igolide
37 Trac Dalbergia cochinchinensis Pierre Rosewood
38 I-Trac emnyama UDalbergia nigra Allem. ex Benth.
39 Iibhutsi ezineNgxaki Dalbergia cambodiana Pierre
40 Igolide Khangela I-Dalbergia cultrata Graham. ex Benth. Intlekele, rosemary
41 Intlaka yokuqhumisa Aquilaria crassna Pierre ex Lecomte. Isibhakabhaka esizolileyo, esinomoya

Ngaphezulu ulwazi malunga nezona mithi zixabisekileyo emhlabeni kunye neVietnam. Jonga amanye amanqaku kwiinkuni ezinqabileyo kwikhonkco elingezantsi!

Bona ngakumbi >> TOP 20 iinkuni ezinqabileyo nezinevumba elimnandi eVietnam kunye nendlela yokuzibona

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