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Ukutyala iintyatyambo I-porcelain yasentlango yaziwa njengento yokuzonwabisa kwizityebi, kuba zininzi iimbiza zeporcelain ezinamaxabiso anokuthi afikelele kwizityebi kuphela. Le nto yokuzonwabisa ithandwa kakhulu eVietnam kwiminyaka yakutshanje, kodwa ayinguye wonke umntu oqonda kakuhle malunga nemithi yePorcelain ukubahlula omnye komnye ukuze kube lula ukunakekelwa kunye nokuzala.

Iintlobo zePorcelain ezicocekileyo zipinki kuphela okanye zimhlophe, ngeenkqubo ezininzi zokuxutywa, ngoku sineentlobo ezingaphezu kwe-100 ezinemibala eyahlukeneyo enemibala. Eli nqaku lilandelayo lishwankathela ezona ntyatyambo zidumileyo zeporcelain.

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Inkcazo emfutshane yeempawu zesityalo sentyatyambo yeDesert Porcelain

I-Desert Porcelain okanye i-Adenium luhlobo lwezityalo ezidubulayo kwintsapho ye-Apocynum, i-Apocynaceae. Umthi waqala ukukhankanywa ngo-1819. Inzalelwane yase-Afrika kunye ne-Arabian Peninsula. Isizathu segama elithi Desert Porcelain kukuba isityalo sinelanga eligqithileyo, sifanelekile kwindawo ezomileyo, asikwazi ukuma simanzi, sizaliswe ziingcambu.

Umthi ubonakala ngesiqu esityebileyo, amasebe amaninzi kunye namasebe, kunye nengcambu enkulu kunye nenkqubo yeengcambu ezinokuthi ngamanye amaxesha zigobe kwiimo ezininzi ukwenza umhlobiso omhle kakhulu. Amagqabi e-porcelain aneemilo ezininzi ukusuka kwixesha elide, elibhekiselele kwifutshane, elijikelezayo, elirhabaxa okanye eligudileyo, ubukhulu obahlukeneyo. Iintyatyambo ngamanye amaxesha zitsolo, ngamanye amaxesha zingqukuva, zigoqene, … Iintyatyambo zeporcelain zemveli ziintyatyambo zodwa ezinamagqabi amahlanu aqhelekileyo kuwo wonke umntu. Ubunzulu bombala kunye nokusabalalisa kombala kwiipalati nazo zihluke.

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Izityalo ze-porcelain zingakhuliswa ngembewu okanye i-hybrid hybrids. Uninzi lwezityalo ezikhuliswe kwimbewu zikwangumxube, kuba izityalo zePorcelain azifane zizenzele ipoleni. Iintyatyambo ze-porcelain zinokuhlukaniswa ngokujonga iimpawu ze-morphological zamagqabi, inkqubo yombala weentyatyambo okanye iimpawu zokukhula. Kodwa ngenxa yokuba izityalo zePorcelain ezicocekileyo zimbalwa kakhulu kodwa iintlobo ze-hybridi zininzi, ukwahlula ngokucacileyo uhlobo ngalunye kunzima kakhulu.

Kwiminyaka yakutshanje, iintlobo ze-Double-wing Porcelain (i-Porcelain yaphakama enamagqabi amaninzi) ziye zavela ngenxa yokuxubana okuvela eThailand, eIndonesia naseTaiwan. Abalimi abadlale i-porcelain iminyaka emininzi banike amagama amaninzi kwiintlobo zeporcelain ezixubileyo ezifana neButterfly Fairy, Bach Thien Hoa, Cat Tuong, Gia Bao, Dai My Nhan, Hoang Loc, Quy Ngoc, Hoang Thi, Thien Phuc, kunye noHong Thien. Nga, Idragoni yeGazi, iLifu leGazi, iFlamingo, iNgoc An, iNhat Doi Hong, iAmber, iNyanga yeLanga, uKumkanikazi, uQuy Ngoc, uThixo weThamsanqa, intsomi…

Iintlobo ezisisiseko zeentyatyambo ze-porcelain

Kukho iintlobo ezili-9 ezisisiseko zeentyatyambo zePorcelain, nganye inemilo yomthi kunye nombala weentyatyambo, iimpawu zokukhula kunye nokuqhelana neemeko zemozulu ezahlukeneyo.

1. Porcelain Adenium Obesum

Phakathi kweentyatyambo, iAdenium Obesum lolona hlobo luqhelekileyo lwentyatyambo yeporcelain abantu abadla ngokudibana nayo. Umthi waqala ukuvela kwi-Afrika esezantsi kwe-Sahara, ukusuka eSenegal ukuya eSudan naseKenya. I-Obesum ikwafumaneka emantla eikhweyitha, idlulela emazantsi ukuya eTanzania nangasentla ukuya e-Ethiopia, eSomalia, kwi-Arabian Peninsula kunye nesiqithi saseSocotra.

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Umthi unobude obuyi-1-4m, uthe tye, isiqu sincinci, singwevu-luhlaza, sityebile ezantsi kwaye sithe chu ukuya phezulu, amasebe amaninzi amafutshane. Amagqabi ane-oblong kwaye ajikeleze phezulu, iipetioles zifutshane, ipleyiti yamagqabi ibanzi, umphezulu uyakhazimla. Amagqabi acwangciswe ngokujikeleza, agxininiswe kwincam yesebe.

Iintyatyambo zimile okwefuneli, ngaphakathi kwityhubhu yeentyatyambo kukhaphukhaphu tyheli, kukho ipistil encinci ende. Umphezulu wefunnel uneenwele ezintle, iintyatyambo ezinamaqabunga amahlanu amancinci, umbala omhlophe ngokuthe ngcembe usasazeka kwipinki okanye ebomvu emphethweni wamagqabi. Iintyatyambo ziyadubula ehlotyeni, kwaye zingahlala kude kube busika ukuba zityalwe kwindawo eshushu, enelanga. Isityalo sidubula iintyatyambo ezininzi kwaye sikhula kakuhle nakwiimbiza.

2. I-Adenium Multiflorum Porcelain Flower

IAdenium Multiflorum ifumaneka eMzantsi Afrika, eMpuma Swaziland, eMozambique naseZimbabwe, inabela eMpuma naseNtshona Afrika naseZambia. Esi sityalo sikholisa ukukhula kumhlaba oyisanti, kumahlathi omileyo okanye kwindawo enengca evulekileyo, kwiiflethi ezinebrackish. Igama elithi Multiflorum livela kwisiLatini kwaye lithetha iintyatyambo ezininzi.

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I-Multiflorum porcelain inomzimba obhityileyo kunye nomnyama kune-Obesum, enokuba yi-3m ubude. Umthi nawo ukhula kancinci kune Obesum, ngoko ke awutyalwanga kakhulu ngabasemanzini. Ixolo elimenyezelayo elingwevu ukuya kuntsundu, linelatex eyingozi. Amagqabi aluhlaza ngokukhazimlayo kwindawo ephezulu, akhanya ngombala kumphezulu ongezantsi. Amagqabi axinene kwiincam zamasebe, i-oval ebanzi, malunga ne-10cm ubude kwaye ahlala ewa ngexesha lokudubula kweentyatyambo.

Iintyatyambo zihlala zidubula ebusika, iiAdeniums zaseMzantsi Afrika zidume kakhulu ngobuhle bazo obuqaqambileyo. Iintyatyambo zimile okwefuneli, iipetals zonke ziyi-5-7cm ububanzi, zihlala zinelobes ezimhlophe, imigca ebomvu eneenwele ezintle phezulu kwifuneli yeentyatyambo, iipetali ezimhlophe, imida ebomvu eshwabeneyo. I-Multiflorum pistil inkulu kwaye ibomvu kune Obesum pistil, egqunywe ziinwele. Iintyatyambo zinevumba elimnandi. Iintyatyambo zePorcelain ukusuka ngoMeyi ukuya kuSeptemba. Isiqhamo sikholisa ukuba ne-cylindrical, i-cysts emide enembewu emdaka.

3. I-porcelain Adenium Swazicum

I-Adenium Swazicum ivela eSwaziland nakwiindawo ezikufutshane kwimpuma yoMzantsi Afrika naseMozambique. Iporcelain yaseSwazicum imelana neqabaka ekhanyayo, imozulu ebandayo kunye nokufuma. Ngokuphathelele iintyatyambo ze-Adenium porcelain, le yeyesibini ixhaphake emva kwe-Obesum kunye nomzali weentlobo ezininzi ze-F1. Nangona kunjalo, lo mgca weporcelain kunzima kakhulu ukuwukhulisa.

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Isihlahla esincinci, esingaphantsi kwe-1m ukuphakama, amasebe amaninzi amhlophe, aluhlaza okanye angwevu. Isiqu sincinci, sithambile kakhulu xa sithelekisa nezinye iintlobo zePorcelain, zime nkqo. Amagqabi abhityile kwaye agudileyo, mancinci kodwa made.

Iintyatyambo zeSwazicum zinombala ofanayo kwintyatyambo yonke, enemibala emininzi efana ne-pink pink, i-pink emnyama, i-lilac, i-burgundy. Iingcebiso zeentyatyambo zeentyatyambo zaseSwazicum azinamigca njengeAdenium Multiflorum kwaye azinaboya njenge-Obesum. Kwangaxeshanye, amagqabi arhangqwe kancinci. Ityhubhu yeentyatyambo / ifaneli yeentyatyambo imxinwa kakhulu kwaye ibala liphantse “livalekile” ngaphakathi, ngoko ke ukuhambisa ipoleni kwesi sityalo yingxaki kubantu abaninzi.

4. Porcelain Adenium Somalense

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IAdenium somalense yintyatyambo yeporcelain ezalelwa kumazantsi eSomalia, eKenya naseTanzania. I-Somalense ayinakukwazi ukunyamezela ingqele, ukuvuthuluka ngokulula ebusika. Umthi ukhula ngokukhawuleza, umde kakhulu, ungafikelela malunga ne-4m. Kungenxa yobukhulu obukhulu kangangokuba ayithandwa ngabadlali abaninzi bePorcelain eVietnam.

Ehlabathini, olu luhlobo lweporcelain olusetyenziselwa ukudala iintlobo ezininzi ezintsha ngenxa yobuchule bayo obuphezulu bokuzalanisa. Uphawu olugqithiselwe kwisizukulwana esilandelayo sezityalo ezixubileyo kukuba amaqabunga anomthambo obomvu owela phantsi kwi-petiole. I-Somalense Porcelain yahluke kancinane kwezinye iintlobo zePorcelain kuba inezinqola ezininzi ezibukhali ezigquma phantse umzimba wonke. Kwaye isiphunzi asikwandiswa, kodwa phantse iyunifomu ngobukhulu xa kuthelekiswa phezulu.

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Xa uthi krwaqu nje, intyatyambo yeSomalense ibonakala ngathi yintyatyambo yeMultiflorum. Nangona kunjalo, iSomalense ayinawo umbala weentyatyambo odlamkileyo njengeMultiflorum. Iipetali zeSomalense zipinki ukuya kwipinki emnyama, iipetali zikhulu, iingcebiso zefanitshala nazo zikhulu kwaye azinazo iipistil ezinde njengeMultiflorum.

5. Porcelain Adenium Crispum

Phakathi kweentyatyambo zePorcelain, iAdenium Crispum Porcelain inentyatyambo ekhethekileyo. Esi sityalo siphuma kwindawo enesanti ekufutshane nonxweme olusemazantsi eSomalia. Isiqu sincinci kakhulu, ngamanye amaxesha asikho ngaphezu kwe-50cm ubude. Ngobukhulu obuncinci obunjalo, umthi ufanelekile ukutyalwa njengento yokuhombisa, kodwa awutyalwanga ngokubanzi. Ngenxa yokuba iCrispum inobuntununtunu kwimozulu ebandayo njengo-A. Somalense, nayo ayikwazi ukuhlala kwiimeko ezishushu kakhulu nezifumileyo.

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I-Crispum porcelain inengcambu enkulu, amasebe amancinci amaninzi, umbala omnyama oluhlaza. Amagqabi mancinci, oblong, ngwevu-luhlaza ngombala kwaye anomphezulu orhabaxa. Intyatyambo idubula ngamagqabi amahlanu, ityhubhu yeentyatyambo imfutshane kodwa ibanzi, ityhubhu iluhlaza tyheli. Amagqabi apinki okhanyayo njengowona mbala uphambili, ehamba kunye nemigca ebomvu emininzi esuka kwityhubhu ukuya kwiphiko elifana nomthambo wegazi owahlukileyo.

6. Porcelain Adenium Boehmianum

IBoehmianum Porcelain luhlobo lwePorcelain oluzalelwa kumntla-ntshona weNamibia nakumazantsi eAngola. Izityalo zikhula ngokucothayo, ngamanye amaxesha ukuya kutsho kwiminyaka embalwa ubudala ukuze zidubule. Izihlahla, ezincinci, ezinombala omnyama, amasebe aluhlaza. Amagqabi e-Boehmianum alolona hlobo lukhulu lweentlobo zePorcelain ze-genus Adenium, umbala ongwevu-luhlaza, incam engqukuva.

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Isityalo siqhakaza ngasekupheleni kwehlobo nasekuqaleni kwebusika Iintyatyambo zifana ne-A. Swazicum, umbala ofanayo kunye neentyatyambo, kodwa umbala ulula kakhulu. Ityhubhu yeentyatyambo imfutshane, ityhubhu ipinki emnyama, iyadubula inamacangca amahlanu angqukuva, apinki. Ukwahlula le ntyatyambo yePorcelain kuhlobo lweSwazicum Porcelain kufuneka lusekelwe emagqabini, kuba amagqabi awo abanzi kwaye arhabaxa, akakhazimli njenge Swazicum. Iintyatyambo zePorcelain Boehmianum zinqabile.

7. Porcelain Adenium Oleifolium

IAdenium Oleifolium yinzalelwane yaseKalahari Desert eMzantsi Botswana nase Mzantsi Afrika, kuMzantsi-mpuma weNamibia. Umncinci umthi okhula kade unamasebe ashinyeneyo. Amagqabi amxinwa kwaye made, omile kancinane, arhabaxa, angwevu-luhlaza, akhula kakhulu kwiincam zamasebe.

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Kudidi lweAdenium, intyatyambo yeOleifolium yeyona incinci. Ityhubhu yeentyatyambo imfutshane, ngaphandle ipinki, ngaphakathi ityheli elikhanyayo, i-pistil inde ngaphandle. Incam yombhobho ivula ngamagqabi amahlanu ahlukeneyo. Iipetali zimxinwa, zide kwaye zikhombe kancinci kwincam, umbala ophambili ngupinki ophaphathekileyo, kunye nomgca opinki omnyama phakathi kwepetali ephuma kwi-tube.

8. Intyatyambo yeAdenium Socotranum Porcelain

Phakathi kweentyatyambo zeporcelain, iAdenium Socotranum luhlobo olunqabileyo kakhulu. Zifumaneka kuphela kwisiqithi Socotra (Indian Ocean), kunye nesiqithi Socotra (Arab Sea). Umthi unengcambu enkulu ngokufanelekileyo, phantse umthi omdala onobubanzi obuyi-1.5-2m, ubude obuyi-4-5m.

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Amaxesha amaninzi ngexesha leentyantyambo, isityalo asivelisi amagqabi. Iintyatyambo ezipinki zivela entlakohlaza ukuya kutsho phakathi ehlotyeni. Isici esahlukileyo sentyatyambo kukuba iipetali zikhombe kancinci, umda weepetali awubibi kangako, ityhubhu yeentyatyambo imhlophe kwaye ipinki, inemigca epinki kunye nepistil ende epinki. Umthi weSocotranum mkhulu, kodwa udubula ngeentyatyambo ezithambileyo kwaye ezithambileyo.

9. I-Porcelain Adenium Arabicum

I-Adenium Arabicum ivela kwi-Peninsula yase-Arabia, ngakumbi e-Saudi Arabia, e-Oman naseYemen. Umthi unobude obuyi 90cm kwaye ungafikelela kwi 3.5m. Esi sityalo sePorcelain sigqame kakhulu ngamagqabi amaninzi, ezomeleleyo nezikhondo ze-succulent xa kuthelekiswa nezinye iindidi zePorcelain.

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I-trunk ye-A. Arabicum ifana nje ne-A. Obesum, kodwa isiseko sayo sikhulu kakhulu. Kwangaxeshanye, amasebe aphambili nawo mancinci, aqinile, kwaye athe nkqo kune-Obesum. Amagqabi e-Arabicum nawo mancinci kakhulu, akhula agxile kwiincam zamasebe, ebonakala ngathi mafutshane, kodwa makhulu kune-Obesum. Imbewu yeArabicum Porcelain inkulu kakhulu kwaye kulula ukuyintshula

Iintyatyambo zale porcelain ubukhulu becala zipinki-mhlophe, zinencam yentyatyambo epinki, amaphiko atsolo kancinci. Uphawu olwahlukileyo lweentyantyambo zePorcelain Arabicum ezivela kwezinye iintyatyambo zePorcelain zisekelwe kwincam yetyhubhu yeentyatyambo. Ukusuka ngaphakathi kumbhobho, kukho imigca emihlanu ebhityileyo epinki emnyama eyehla kumbindi wepetali nganye. Le migca mihlanu ayibaleki ukugubungela i petal yonke, kodwa icandelo elifutshane kuphela. Oko kukodwa kwentyatyambo yeporcelain ye-Arabicum.

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Ngethemba, ngolwazi malunga neempawu ze-morphological zesiqu kunye namagqabi kunye nombala weentyatyambo ezingentla, uzinike ulwazi oluthile lokuchonga iintlobo zeentyantyambo ze-porcelain. Singathanda ukubonelela ngeminye imifanekiso embalwa yePorcelain hybrids ukusuka kwezinye zeentlobo ze-9 zeentyatyambo zePorcelain ezikhankanywe ngasentla.

Ungabhekisa kulwazi oluthe kratya malunga nezityalo zeporcelain kwiwebhusayithi ekhethekileyo kwizityalo zeporcelain: http://caysucanh.com

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Iintyatyambo zePorcelain: IAdenium Obesum enqamlezileyo kunye neAdenium Crispum

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Iintyatyambo zePorcelain: IAdenium Obesum enqamlezileyo kunye neAdenium Oleifolium

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Iintlobo zePorcelain: Adenium Somalense hybrid Adenium Crispum

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