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Molweni bahlobo! “I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno“Okwangoku, ayisengomzekelo omtsha kwilizwe lethu, kodwa asingawo onke amafama aqondayo kwaye anolwazi ngalo mzekelo.

Ke kweli nqaku, iFoo iya kukubonelela ngolwazi olusisiseko malunga nemodeli I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno ukuze abantu babe nolwazi oluyimfuneko ngaphambi kokusebenzisa le modeli. Akusekho ukuchitha ixesha lakho, masihambe!

Yintoni imifuno eluhlaza?

I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno Isakhiwo esinophahla okanye iindonga ezenziwe ngeglasi okanye izinto ezifanayo ezisetyenziswa kwezolimo ukukhusela kwimiphumo emibi yemozulu, ukubonelela izityalo ngeyona ndawo ilungileyo ngenjongo yokwandisa isivuno kunye nokuqinisekisa ukhuseleko.

I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno

I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno zisoloko ziyilwe ngeglasi okanye zingatshintshwa ngeplastiki kuba ziyakwazi ukuzifudumeza phantsi kweempembelelo zemitha yelanga xa udlula kwigilasi ebonakalayo iya kufunxwa ngumhlaba, izityalo nemithi. .

Iinzuzo zokuyila i-greenhouse ukuze kukhule imifuno ecocekileyo

  • Gcina indawo engqongileyo yomthi ngeyona ndlela ifanelekileyo kwiimpawu zokukhula komthi, unceda umthi ukuba ukhule ngokukhawuleza kwaye womelele.
  • I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno iya kuthintela izinambuzane eziyingozi kunye neentsholongwane ezisuka kwizinambuzane.

Imida yokusetyenziswa kwezindlu zokugcina izityalo zezolimo

Izibonelelo zegreenhouses azinakuphikiswa, kodwa zikwanazo nemida ekufuneka siyiqaphele

  • Ingxaki yokuqala nenkulu kumafama amaninzi ziindleko zotyalo-mali zokwakha nokuyila I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno iphezulu kakhulu.
  • Okwesibini kukuphazamisana nokulima ngoomatshini.

Iintlobo zezinto zokwenza iifilimu ze-greenhouse

I-membrane ye-Greenhouse yinto eyaziwayo kunye nenzuzo kwi-designhouse greenhouse. Okwangoku, kwiimarike, iifilimu ze-greenhouse zahluke kakhulu kuyilo, ubungakanani kunye nemathiriyeli.

Olu hlobo lwezinto lunempembelelo ngokuthe ngqo kumgangatho kunye nokuhanjiswa kokukhanya kwizityalo kwi-greenhouse, ngoko kuya kufuneka ukuba ufumane ngononophelo.

Nazi izinto eziqhelekileyo zokwenza I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno Ngoku ukuba ungabhekisa

1, Iiglasi

Le nto yemveli ekwakhiweni nasekuyilweni I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno ngeenzuzo ezininzi:

  • Inqanaba elilungileyo losulelo lokukhanya kwimitha yokukhanya elungileyo kakhulu.
  • Iyakwazi ukugcina ubushushu kakuhle ebusuku, ukugcina iqondo lobushushu kwi-greenhouse lizinzile.
  • Iyakwazi ukunciphisa imiphumo yemitha ye-ultraviolet.
  • Ihlala ixesha elide.
  • Iindleko zogcino lwesi sixhobo ziphantsi kakhulu.

2, Iphepha lePlastiki

Olu hlobo lwemathiriyeli lusetyenziswa ngakumbi nangakumbi kuyilo I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno kunye nezityalo, ngenxa yokukwazi ukugcina ubushushu kakuhle kunye nokukwazi kwayo ukunciphisa imiphumo yemitha ye-ultraviolet ekukhanyeni kwelanga.

Ngokusisiseko, kuya kubakho izinto ezintathu eziphambili kolu hlobo lwephepha leplastiki: i-polycarbonate, i-fiberglass, kunye ne-acrylic (i-methyl methacrylate).

a, Polycarbonate Resin (PC)

Iplastiki yePolycarbonate (PC) esetyenziswa njengefilimu yegreenhouse iya kuba nezi nzuzo zilandelayo:

  • Yeyona nto inamandla kwizinto ezisetyenziselwa ukuvelisa i-membrane ye-greenhouse namhlanje.
  • Ukukwazi ukugcina ubushushu kunye nokufuma kwezityalo ngaphakathi kwi-greenhouse kulungile.
  • Iiphaneli zePC zinika ukukhanya malunga ne-85-91% elubala, kwaye inokutshintsha umlinganiselo woluhlu lwamaza ukuze lulungele izityalo.
  • Inamandla okunciphisa imiphumo yemitha ye-ultraviolet.
  • Ixabiso elifanelekileyo.
  • Ubunzima bokukhanya, bunokunqunyulwa ngokufanelekileyo ngommese, ngoko kulula ukuyifaka.

b, i-Fiberglass

Esi sixhobo sihambisa ukukhanya kunye neglasi, kodwa eyona nto inkulu kukuba ithotywa lula yi-ultraviolet (UV), uthuli kunye nongcoliseko, kwaye iyatsha. Ngoko ke, olu hlobo lwezinto eziphathekayo alufane lusetyenziswe.

c, 2- umaleko weplastiki sheet

Ngaba i-2-layer yeplastiki sheet usebenzisa i-acrylic okanye i-polycarbonate material. I-Acrylic (i-methyl methacrylate) idla ngokuba yipolycarbonate ekhanyayo kunye ne-transparent kunye noku kulandelayo:

Kulula ukuyifaka, ubunzima obulula, ukugquma okugqwesileyo kunye nokuhanjiswa okulula kwaye kuhlala ixesha elide, ubuncinci iminyaka eyi-10 yokusetyenziswa.

Uyilo lweGreenhouse lokukhulisa imifuno

2, ifilimu yePlastiki eluhlaza (ifilimu yeplastiki)

Le yimpahla yokwenza I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno Eyona nto idume kakhulu namhlanje ngenxa yokuguquguquka kwayo, ukusebenza ngokugqithisileyo, kunye nexabiso eliphantsi phakathi kwezixhobo zegreenhouse. Baneenzuzo zoku:

  • Ukuthembeka
  • Ukugcina ubushushu obuhle kakhulu.
  • Ukukwazi ukunciphisa ukubunjwa kwamaconsi amanzi kwindawo yangaphakathi yeefilimu ze-greenhouse.
  • Iyakwazi ukuhambisa ubude obukhethekileyo bokukhanya kwelanga
  • Ukunciphisa ubuninzi bothuli olufakwe kwi-membrane.

Ngokwenene, iintlobo zekhwalithi ezibandakanyiweyo kweli phepha ziyi-EVA (ethyl vinyl acetate), i-PVC (i-polyvinyl chloride), i-polythene (PE).

  • Iplastiki yePolyethylene (ifilimu ye-PE greenhouse): Ngexabiso eliphantsi, le filimu ye-greenhouse ingasetyenziswa kwiimodeli ezininzi ezahlukeneyo ezinkulu. Iplastiki ye-PE inozinzo oluzinzileyo, umjikelo wobomi oqhelekileyo umalunga neminyaka emi-3 ukuya kwemi-5.
  • Iplastiki yePolyvinyl (PVC): Le yiplastiki ehlala ixesha elide kwaye ibiza kakhulu kune-PE. Ifilimu yokwambathisa I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno iplastiki yepolyvinyl inomjikelo wobomi ophakathi kweminyaka emi-6 ukuya kwesi-7.
  • I-resin ye-EVA (i-ethyl vinyl acetate): Ifilim yeplastiki ye-EVA ithambile, ilula ngobunzima, iyalastiki kakhulu kwaye inamandla okuzitshabalalisa, ngoko ke inobubele kakhulu kokusingqongileyo.
  • I-Copolymer resin: Olu hlobo luneempawu ezifanayo kwi-PE kodwa lunokuqina okungcono, lunokuba ngaphezu kweminyaka eyi-5 kwaye i-copolymer resin inexabiso eliphezulu kuba inesakhiwo sayo esifana neglasi.

3, uSirayeli inwebu eluhlaza

Iifilimu ze-greenhouse zakwaSirayeli ziveliswa ngokuqhelekileyo kumaphondo amaninzi nakwizixeko zelizwe lethu. Le yimveliso ephezulu esetyenziselwa I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno Inokhuseleko lwezityalo olugqwesileyo kunye neempawu ezichasayo.

Iimveliso zefilimu ze-greenhouse zakwaSirayeli ezinemigangatho yomgangatho wamazwe ngamazwe kunye nobubanzi obuninzi obuhlukeneyo obufana ne-2.2 m; 3.2m; 3.7m; 4.2m; 5m; 6m; 8m; 12m ..ukusuka kwimpahla yasekhaya ukuya kumazwe angaphandle, okwenza kube lula kubathengi ukuba bakhethe, ke bathandwa kakhulu.

Nazi iingenelo zefilimu yakwa-israel greenhouse:

  • Inokukhanya okuphezulu kunye ne-ductility entle kakhulu kunye nokuqina.
  • ngokuchasene nemitha ye-UV (imitha ye-ultraviolet) ekukhanyeni kwelanga eyingozi kwizityalo, inceda ukugcina imibala yeentyatyambo, iziqhamo, izityalo zichumile kwaye kwangaxeshanye zikwazi ukumelana nenkungu, ukuqokelelana kwamanzi, ukuthontsiza, ukukhanya okuhle kokusasazeka….
  • Iimveliso ezinokuqina okuphezulu zinokumelana kakuhle kakhulu nakwiimeko zemozulu ezinzima, zinceda ukulawula ubungakanani bokukhanya, kwaye zime ngokupheleleyo ngokuchasene nothuli kunye nokungcola okunciphisa ukukhanya kokukhanya.

Imodeli yeGreenhouse yezolimo kunye namava okwakha

I-1, Iindidi zeemodeli ze-greenhouse yezolimo

I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno (agriculture) zahlulwe ngokwamaqela asekelwe kwisixa sobushushu esongeziweyo kwi-greenhouse. Oku kulandelayo kuya kuba ziindidi zemodeli I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno imifuno (ezolimo) ekufuneka uyazi:

  • I-greenhouse ebandayo: Olu hlobo lwemodeli lunokukhusela ngokufanelekileyo izityalo, kodwa iqondo lokushisa ngaphakathi kwi-greenhouse lingakwazi ukuhla ukuya kwindawo yokukhenkceza ngexesha lasebusika kuba olu hlobo lwe-greenhouse alunamthombo wokushisa owongezelelweyo.
  • Indlu yokukhulisa izityalo: Olu hlobo luzakuba shushu ngakumbi kunendlu yokutshisa ebandayo, le modeli iya kugcina iqondo lobushushu ngaphakathi kwendlu eluhlaza ngaphezu kweqondo lomkhenkce kwaye kuluhlu lwe-7 ukuya ku-10 degrees Celsius. i-geranium kunye ne-hibiscus.
  • Indlu eluhlaza efudumeleyo: Imodeli yendlu eluhlaza efudumeleyo eneqondo lobushushu elifudumeleyo lendlu eluhlaza malunga ne-13 degrees celsius kwizityalo. Olu hlobo lwe-greenhouse aluzukulungela izityalo ezininzi zetropikhi kodwa luya kulungeleka kwizityalo ezithanda ukufudumala ezifana iintyatyambo okanye i-orchids.
  • Indlu eluhlaza eshushu: Olu hlobo lwegreenhouse lwenzelwe izityalo ezitshisayo ezinobushushu obuyi-15.5 degrees celcius okanye ngaphezulu kuba zifuna ubushushu obongezelelweyo.

Indlela yokwenza i-greenhouse ukukhulisa imifuno

2, Amava ekwakhiweni kwezindlu zokugcina izityalo

Ezinye izinto ekufuneka uzazi ngamava okwakha kunye noyilo I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno Iintyatyambo zabalimi abaninzi abaqeqeshiweyo onokuthi ubhekisele kuzo.

– Ukugquma phezu kophahla lwendlu eluhlaza

Sebenzisa izinto ze-greenhouse ezisekelwe kwiimeko zemozulu kunye nezityalo ezifanelekileyo kwaye ungajongi nje kwizinto ezilungileyo kunye nezibi zezinto eziphathekayo njengoko zingenakufaneleka kwizityalo ezininzi.

Polyethylene: I I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno, I-PE (i-Polyethylene) uphahla lwefilimu ye-greenhouse lungabizi kwaye luncinci ukutshisa. Kodwa kufuneka ubeke ingqalelo ukuba olu hlobo lwe-greenhouse ebusika luya kunciphisa iimeko zokukhanya kunye nokwandisa umswakama.

– Iindleko zokwakha igreenhouse

Iindleko zokwakha kunye noyilo I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno, ezolimo kufuneka zixhomekeke kwizinto eziphathekayo, amacandelo kunye nesakhiwo sangaphakathi se-greenhouse. Ngokuqhelekileyo ixabiso le-1m2 li malunga ne-100-200 lamawaka kwaye lixhomekeke kwizinto eziphathekayo zesakhelo.

– Amacandelo greenhouse

Ngokuxhomekeke kwinjongo kunye nemodeli yokulima, unokwakha i-1-story, i-2-3-storey greenhouse ngokuthanda. Kufuneka ulumke ekubaleni ngokweenkcukacha malunga nesakhiwo kunye neendleko zokwakha, ukuphepha ukuba iindleko ezenziweyo zihluke kakhulu ekubaleni.

  • Iifreyimu: Ngokutsho kweengcali, ukuyila I-Greenhouse yokulima imifunoXa kuziwa kwezolimo, isakhelo kuthiwa yinto ephambili okufuneka uyiqwalasele ukuze ukwazi ukukhetha isakhelo esilungileyo, kunye nokuguquguquka okuphezulu ekusebenziseni, ukuchithwa okulula kunye nomthamo omhle wokuthwala.
  • udonga: I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno Ungasebenzisa izinto zokuphahla phezu kophahla okanye ungasebenzisa amanetha ezinambuzane ukwenza iindonga ze-greenhouse. Indlela yokwenza indlu enetha ilula kakhulu, ngoko ke unokufunda kwaye uyakhe ngokwakho.
  • Ukupholisa kunye nenkqubo yokungenisa umoya: I-blower sisixhobo esibalulekileyo esinceda umoya kwi-greenhouse ukuba utshintshe ngaphandle ukuze iqondo lokushisa kwi-greenhouse lilinganiswe kwinqanaba elithile.
  • Umgangatho: Njengemizekelo I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno Kwi-Da Lat, bahlala besebenzisa i-mulch ye-industrial efana neyiloni egquma umhlaba ophantsi, onokukhusela kokubili ukhula kunye nokugcina umhlaba ufumile ukuze uncede ukugcina igadi icocekile. Kungenjalo, unokwenza iindlela zokuhamba eziphathekayo.

I-Greenhouse yokukhulisa imifuno ecocekileyo kwi-terrace elula kwaye enhle

Namhlanje iimodeli I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno Oku kuthandwa kakhulu kumakhaya asezidolophini okanye kwiindawo ezinkulu zasedolophini.

IParadigm I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno I-Rooftop terrace ngumbono omhle, unokubonelela ngomthombo wokutya okucocekileyo kusapho kwaye wenze indawo eluhlaza kwikhaya lakho.

I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno ecocekileyo

I-1, Izinto eziluncedo zokukhulisa imifuno ecocekileyo kunye neentyatyambo kwi-greenhouse eluphahleni

Yila I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno Ukucoca kwi-terrace ayinzima kakhulu, ayibizi kakhulu, kodwa kusafuneka utyale ixesha ukuze ukwazi ukwenza oko.

Sinokuyila ukuze isetyenziswe zombini ukukhulisa imifuno ngezantsi, kwaye ingasetyenziselwa ukunyamekela iivazi zeentyatyambo kunye neentyatyambo ezijingayo phezulu ukuze ube nomzekelo. I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno intle kakhulu.

2, Amanye amanqaku xa wenza i-greenhouse ukukhulisa imifuno encinci kwi-terrace

  • Iinkcukacha kunye nezixhobo ekufuneka uzilungiselele:
  • Ngokwesiqhelo, i-terrace yosapho ngalunye inendawo ethozamileyo, ngoko ke iFao ithatha ubukhulu bendlu yokukhulisela izityalo: 3.2m ububanzi x 6.0m ubude x 3.2m ukuphakama (umphakamo wendlu eluhlaza kufuneka ube ngaphantsi kwe-3.5m).
  • Ulwakhiwo: Ukusebenzisa intsimbi eshushu yokudipha ukwenza isakhelo kuya kuba lula ukuyihlanganisa. Kanye kunye neentsika zetsimbi ze-V5 okanye iibhokisi zetsimbi ze-galvanized 30x60x1,4li kunye ne-crossbars zisebenzisa i-V4 yensimbi okanye i-30x30x1,2li ibhokisi yentsimbi yokuqinisekisa ukuba isakhiwo siqinile kwaye siguquguqukayo.
  • Inkqubo yokubeka kunye neshelufu: Malunga nemigangatho emi-3, umqolo om-1 wetafile yokutyala engundoqo kunye nemiqolo emibini yeeshelufa, kusetyenziswa iifreyimu zentsimbi ediphu ediphu eshushu ecaleni kweendonga ezithe nkqo ukwenza kube lula kwizityalo ukufunxa ukukhanya nomoya ukuze zikhule kakuhle. ye.
  • Sebenzisa inkqubo yokunkcenkceshela ngamathontsi ukuze ukwandise ukonga amanzi.
  • Sebenzisa isigcina-kufuma esifanelekileyo ngokwemozulu kunye nohlobo lwezityalo ozikhulisayo.

Iposti yeFao iphela apha. Ndiyathemba ukuba eli nqaku likunikeze lonke ulwazi oluyimfuneko ngaphambi kokuba uthathe isigqibo sokusebenzisa imodeli I-Greenhouse yokulima imifuno oku. Umnqweno omhle! Sala kakuhle!

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