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Kunokuthiwa ukutyala kunye nokunyamekela izityalo zerozi kunzima ngokwenene, namhlanje Imithi eyonwabileyo yabelana ngeengcebiso ezimbalwa malunga nokuthintela izinambuzane. URoseinceda izityalo zerozi zikhule kwaye zikhule kakuhle, iimbotyi zeentyatyambo ezintle neziqaqambileyo.

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Imiyalelo malunga nendlela yokuphatha izityalo zerozi apha ngezantsi, landela

Izizathu zezi zilandelayo:

Entlakohlaza, imozulu enokufuma okuphezulu yimeko efanelekileyo yokuba izityalo zikhule ngokunjalo nezitshabalalisi kunye nomngundo ukuze zikhule. URose ukukhula olomeleleyo.

Nezifo ezixhaphakileyo ezifana ne: powdery mildew, white fungal disease, Black spot disease, Verticillium wilt disease.,Dry death disease.,Anthracnose disease, isifo samachaphaza amagqabi: ngenxa yezizathu ezininzi. Izifo ezibangelwa yi-nematodes, Izifo ezibangelwa yintsholongwane Izifo ezibangelwa yintsholongwane. Izigcawu ezibomvu eziyingozi, iincukuthu eziyingozi, iintshulube eziluhlaza kunye nentshulube yemingxuma njl.njl….

I-Rose plant disease-Isifo samachaphaza amnyama.

Esi sifo kunzima ukunyanga, sisasazeka ngokukhawuleza kwimozulu efumileyo emva kweemvula ekwindla. Ekuqaleni amachokoza amdaka ngebala, ethubeni ajike abe mnyama avele kumphezulu wamagqabi la machokoza arawndi okanye akaqhelekanga, nto leyo ebangela ukuba amagqabi awe phambi kwexesha, amagqabi amatsha nawo ayosulelekile. Ixesha elisusela kwiintsuku ezi-6 ukuya kwezi-14 emva kokutyala lichaphazeleka kakhulu sesi sifo.

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Umzobo wesifo sendawo emnyama yeerozi

– Isizathu: ezibangelwa ngumngundo Marssonina rosae Lib. Yeyokungunda okungafezekanga, elona qondo lobushushu lifanelekileyo lisuka kwi-22-26oC, ukufuma>85%. Umngundo uphila emhlabeni kwaye usasazwa ngezinye izinto ezenziwa ngabantu.

– Uthintelo: Coca malunga negadi, thintela amanzi amileyo emagqabini, kufuneka unkcenkceshelwe kusasa.

Tshisa kwaye utshabalalise amagqabi agulayo kunye namadala kufutshane nomhlaba.

Tyala ezinye iintlobo ezixhathisayo ezifana nezi: David Thompson, bebe Lum, Odorata… Spray Anvil, Benomyl, Topsin M, Folpet, Maneb… kanye ngeveki.

Isifo seRose – Umhlwa (Rust).

Umonakalo kumagqabi, ekuqaleni njengamachaphaza amancinci acacileyo atyheli okanye amdaka, kamva ezi seli zibomvu-orenji-tyheli, zonakalise umzantsi wamagqabi, isifo sigubungela wonke amagqabi angaphantsi, ngamanye amaxesha njengamadyungudyungu ngamanye. Inqanaba le-spore eliyingozi libomvu-orenji ngombala kwaye lihlala iintsuku eziyi-10-14 phantsi kweemeko ezifanelekileyo zokusingqongileyo, ngamanye amaxesha zonakalisa intyatyambo ngokwayo.

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Ifoto yesifo se-rust of roses

– Isizathu: okubangelwa ngumngundo Phragmidium mucronatum. I-spores isasazeka emoyeni, kwiintsalela zezityalo ezigulayo, ubushushu bokukhula kwefungal yi-18-21oC.

Imiyalelo yothintelo: hlambulula intsalela yamagqabi anezifo uze uwatshise. Ukunkcenkceshela okuphakathi. Ukutshiza iPlantvax, iBavistin, iZenneb, iTopsin M….

Isifo seRose – Powdery mildew.

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Imifanekiso ye powdery mildew ye roses

– Ukonakaliswa kwamagqabi, iziqu, iintyatyambo zeentyatyambo, iisepals kunye neepetals, kwiindawo ezincinci zesityalo esikhulayo, ezigqunywe ngumgubo wefungus omhlophe obangela ukuba amagqabi abune kwaye awe ubunzima.

– Isizathu: Peronospora sparsa.

Amakhowa afanelekile kwi-85% yomswakama, ukushisa kwe-18oC, ukuba iqondo lokushisa li-27oC, i-fungus iya kufa emva kweeyure ezingama-24.

Imiyalelo yothintelo: usebenzisa iziyobisi Kasuran, Derosal, Ridomil … ngempumelelo kakhulu.

Sika amagqabi agulayo kunye namasebe, faka i-K ukunyusa ukuxhathisa komthi.

Isifo sesityalo seRose – Verticillium wilt.

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Umzekeliso wesifo sokubuna kweentyatyambo kwizityalo zerozi

Imiphezulu ibunile kodwa iluhlaza, amagqabi asezantsi atyheli, ebusuku ayakwazi ukuchacha, kodwa emva kweentsuku ezimbalwa umphezulu nawo ujika ube tyheli, emva koko ube mdaka, ubune kwaye ufe, uhlala eqala ukufa. Iintyatyambo zinemigca emnyama kubude bama petals.

Isifo esibi kakhulu ngexesha lasehlotyeni xa imozulu yomile, iirozi ezikhuliswe ngaphandle azichanabekanga kwesi sifo kuneerozi ezikhuliswe kwizindlu zokugcina izityalo.

– Isizathu: obangelwa kukungunda iVerticillium albo-atrum Berth, i-spore encanyathiselweyo yiseli ebonakeleyo engqukuva edityaniswe kumasebe e-meristemous spore. Le fungus isasazwa ngeethishu, amehlo amiliselwe ngexesha lokutshintshwa kwezicubu.

Iindidi ezithintekayo zezi: URose odanata, Ragged Robin.

Iindidi ezixhathisa kakhulu zezi: URose Multiflora, uRose Manetti.

Imiyalelo yothintelo: Ngenxa yokuba umthombo wesifo uqhubeka emhlabeni ixesha elide, ngaphambi kokutyala, kuyimfuneko ukuyikhupha ngeekhemikhali ezifana ne-3% ye-formol okanye kunye ne-pesticides efana ne-Basudin … Nangona kunjalo, esi sifo sinzima kakhulu. ukuthintela iirozi ezikhule ebaleni kunye nendawo enkulu.

Izityalo ezigulayo azikwazi ukuqhakaza, Umphandle wogqunywe ngumaleko womngundo ongwevu-ntsundu, obangela ukuba intyatyambo idilike, ngaphakathi kwithupha kukho umngxuma., ubuthathaka kwaye ubuthathaka. Xa isifo sinzima, isifo sisasazeka ngokuthe ngcembe kwisiqu, sisenza sibe mfusa.

Kwiintyatyambo kuvela amachaphaza amancinci amdaka, akhula ngokwawo okanye kunye kunye neentyatyambo, iintlobo zeentyatyambo ezimhlophe zichaphazeleka kakhulu kumonakalo (iintyatyambo ezomileyo).

Isifo se-Rose plant – Isifo esomileyo esifayo.

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Umzekeliso wesityalo seentyatyambo esifileyo

Esi sifo sisasazwa ngokusikeka kunye namanxeba ngelixa ukhathalelwa kwaye uthena amasebe. Xa iimeko zokusingqongileyo zivuma, umonakalo wesiqu sonke ubangela ukuba umthi uwe okanye isiqu sibe rhabaxa.

– Isizathu: ibangelwa ngumngundo Botrytis cinerea Pers ex Fr. Obona bushushu bokukhula komngundo yi-15oC.

Imiyalelo yothintelo: Susa kwaye utshabalalise iindawo ezinesifo ezifana namathupha, iintyatyambo, izikhondo kunye neziqu.

Sebenzisa amanye amachiza ekhemikhali iKasuran, iDaconil, iCarbenzim … kanye ngeveki.

Isifo se-Rose plant – isifo se-Anthracnose

Umonakalo oqhelekileyo kumagqabi e-rose yi-persimmon yasendle, ekuqaleni emagqabini kukho amabala ahlakazekileyo okanye amaqoqo aqala ukusuka kumda weqabunga kwaye asasazeke ngaphakathi kwi-arc, ngoko ke isifo sokugqibela sisemicircular, ukuba ngaba isifo senzeke phakathi. kweqabunga leqabunga, izilonda zijikelezileyo, zimdaka malunga nomda obomvu-obomvu, kwiindawo zesifo zenza amabala amancinci amnyama angama-discs e-fungus ebangela isifo. Xa isifo sinzima, izicubu ezigulayo ziyafa kwaye zikrazule amaqabunga, ngoko imiphetho yamagqabi agulayo inokungabikho.

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Imifanekiso yezityalo ze-anthracnose rose

Kwisiqu, amasebe agulayo aneentanda ze-pink longitudinal, aze ajike abe mdaka, amasebe agulayo abe buthathaka kwaye aphuke lula.

I-Inflorescences kunye ne-calyx nazo zinokuchaphazeleka, kodwa zincinci.

Esi sifo sibangela umonakalo omkhulu entwasahlobo, ukushisa okuphantsi, umswakama ophezulu, ukusabalalisa ngamanzi okunkcenkceshela.

– Isizathu: okubangelwa ngumngundo Sphaceloma rosarum (Pass) (Elsinoe rosarum).

– Uthintelo: Xa isifo senzeka, isixa kufuneka sincitshiswe.

Isifo sesityalo seRose – isifo samachokoza amagqabi

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Isizathu kungenxa yezizathu ezininzi.

– Ngenxa yokungunda Alternaria alternata:

Ngokuqhelekileyo kubangela umonakalo omkhulu kwixesha lemvula, ekuqaleni emagqabini kuvela amabala angqukuva anombala otyheli-ntsundu, emva koko ajike abemdaka omnyama, la mabala asasazeke kwimigca egxile, kunye namachaphaza amancinci amnyama ancanyatheliswe kuwo. Ngamanye amaxesha kulimaza zombini iintyatyambo kunye neentyatyambo, ubushushu obufanelekileyo bokukhula kwefungal yi-30oC.

– Ibangelwa ngumngundo Cercospora puderi BH Davis: Izilonda ezinkulu ukuya kwi-5mm ngobukhulu, umbindi wesifo ungwevu-ntsundu malunga nomda obomvu-mdaka, umngundo wonakalisa ubukhulu becala kumphezulu wamagqabi kwiindawo ezixineneyo.

–Ibangelwa kukungunda iColletotrichum capsici (Syd)Butl Bisby: Izilonda zokuqala ngamachokoza amancinci amdaka, kamva asasazeka kumdaka okhanyayo, izilonda ezininzi ziqokelelana zibe ziindawo ezigqume umphezulu wamagqabi, zibangele ukuba amagqabi ome kwaye akrazuke kwaye awe ngaphambi kwexesha.

Isifo sesityalo seRose – Isifo esibangelwa ziinematodes.

Izifo ezibangelwa yi-nematodes zibonakaliswa ngokuyinxenye kumagqabi, ukunciphisa amandla, amaqabunga amancinci anqabile kwaye afutshane, kulula ukuwa, umgangatho weentyatyambo uyancipha, iintyatyambo zimbalwa. Iziqu zande, iintyatyambo zincinci, kwaye iingcambu zichaphazeleka kakhulu kwezinye ii-microorganisms ze-pathogenic.

Zininzi nezinye iimpawu ezinokubangelwa ziingcambu zenematodes kwaye zixhomekeke kuhlobo kunye nenani leenematodes emhlabeni.

Iinematodes ziyakwazi ukuphila emhlabeni kunye neengcambu zezityalo (kwizindlu zokugcina izityalo kunye namasimi), ngoko ke iifumigants (Metyl bromide) zingasetyenziswa, iinematode killers (Oncol, Vimoca, Furadan, Nemacur…) ukuphelisa umthombo. phambi kokuba kutyalwe kusenokunyangwa ngamanzi ashushu amalunga ne-38oC iiyure ezingama-24 okanye inokunyangwa ngobushushu obungama-48oC kangangemizuzu engama-35.

Isifo seRose – isifo seViral.

Izityalo ezigulayo zinezikhondo ezimfutshane, amagqabi adityaniswe adityaniswe, aluhlaza natyheli axutyiwe, amagqabi ashinyeneyo nabhityileyo angaqhelekanga angakhubazeki, azise amagqabi agulayo ekukhanyeni, abangele ukuba amagqabi aphelelwe ngumbala, aluhlaza, namagqabi aluhlaza.

Isifo se-Rose plant – Isifo sokugobeka kwamagqabi (Cucumber Mosaic Virus – CMV):

Emagqabini, kukho amabala amnyama kwaye alula, amagqabi ajika aluhlaza mnyama, isityalo sibuthathaka, isidumbu sifinyezwa, izityalo zinezifo ezimbalwa zeentyatyambo, ziwa ngokulula, isifo esibi senza ukuba amagqabi e-apical amahlumela amancinci ajikwe. Ukuba isifo sincinci, amaqabunga aneendawo eziluhlaza ezitshintshileyo, ngoko zibizwa ngokuba ziintyatyambo.

– Uthintelo: Iintwala ziintsholongwane zesifo se-CMV, ngoko ke kufuneka zitshizwe ukuze zibulale le nto ngamachiza anjengeBassa, Supracide, trebon… Coca kwaye ucoce isitiya, bulala ukhula egadini. Nciphisa inani lokunkcenkceshela xa izityalo zigula.

Isifo seRose – Isifo sebhaktheriya.

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Isifo sokungunda: Ukonakalisa amagqabi, iziqu, amasebe, ingakumbi amasebe amancinci.

– Izityalo ezigulayo azikhuli, amagqabi aluhlaza okanye atyheli.

Iziqendu ezimfutshane zesiqu ziyadumba kwaye ziqhume, ixolo, isiqu, amasebe aqhekekile kwaye abambene, ngaphakathi kwenkuni idumbile, isifo simdaka, amabala amaninzi arhabaxa anokuhlangana abe yinto enye. Ixesha elide, ngamanye amaxesha isifo. igubungela isebe lonke, ngamanye amaxesha icala elinye kuphela elenza kube lula ukuqhawuka, lome kwaye life.

– Isizathu: ibangelwa yintsholongwane ye-Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Ubushushu obufanelekileyo bokukhula kwebhaktheriya busuka kwi-21oC-26oC. Iindidi zeRosa iRosa multifloraa, R. manetti, iBayse No3 zichaphazeleka kakhulu kwesi sifo.

-H: Gcina indawo yokutyala icocekile. Susa iziqu ezigulayo. Sebenzisa i-antibiotics efana ne: Streptomycine, Kasuran, Penicillium … kwaye usebenzise i-Orthene 75S, i-Vydate 2L ukulawula izilwanyana zezinambuzane.

Isifo sesityalo serozi – I-Red spider mite

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+ Iimpawu ze-morphological

Izigcawu ezibomvu zincinci kakhulu ngobukhulu, zinemilenze esibhozo kwaye zikhangeleka zifana kakhulu nezigcawu eziqhelekileyo. Zinombala obomvu omdaka okanye omthubi kwaye zonakalise ubukhulu becala umzantsi wamagqabi obangela amachokoza atyheli kumphezulu wamagqabi. Ukuba onakaliswe kakhulu, amagqabi aba mabi kakhulu kwaye aya kuwela phantsi komthi. Ukuba akukhathalelwanga ukucoca nokuphatha la magqabi, ezi critters ziya kuhlala phakathi kwezi ziqu zamagqabi omileyo.

Kukho iipere ezi-4 zemilenze emide etyheli ekhanyayo, ubude besigcawu esisemazi yi-0.2mm. Amadoda mancinci, umzimba o-oval, ubhekise kancinci emsila, amacandelo amabini okugqibela abomvu obomvu.

+ Umkhwa wokuphila nokwenza umonakalo

-Izigcawu zihlala phantsi kwamagqabi kwaye zihlala zifunxa i-cellulite kwi-rose leaf tissue ukuze zenze izilonda ezinombala okhanyayo, ngokuthe ngcembe ezi zinti zidibanisa kunye. Xa zonakaliswe kakhulu, amagqabi erose plant ajika abe yellow-brown, aze ome kwaye awe.

Ikhula kwiimeko ezishushu nezomileyo. Umjikelo wobomi besigcawu esibomvu malunga neentsuku ezili-15, ngasinye sinokubeka amakhulu amaqanda.

+ Amanyathelo othintelo

Ukuthatha amayeza afana ne-Abamectin (Resgant 1.8EC); I-Hexythiazox (i-Nissorun 5EC), i-Azadirachtin (i-Agiaza 4.5 EC); Ioli ye-cottonseed 40% + ioli ye-clove 20% + ioli ye-garlic 10% (GC – Mite 70DD); I-Milbemectin (i-Benknock 1EC), i-Rotenone (i-Limater 7.5EC), i-Emamectin benzoate (i-Map Winner 5WG); I-Propargite (i-Atamite 73EC) inconywa idosi kunye nokugxininiswa.

Izifo zezityalo zerozi – ukonakala kweentwala

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Iintwala zihlala zizonakalisa izikhondo, amagqabi kunye nomphezulu wemithi yepersimmon, ngakumbi i-mealybugs ezigqunywe ngumaleko omhlophe onomthwebeba, ongangenwa ngamanzi. Ukusebenzisa iziyobisi zemichiza ngolu hlobo lulandelayo: Supaside 40 ND yoxinaniso 0.15% idosi iibhotile 3 ipali Tonkin, Supathion 12ml/1 8 ijagi ilitha, Thiodal 15-20 ml nganye 8 ilitha ibhotile.

Bonke baye imixube yeziyobisi Indlu yeMithi eyonwabileyo igxile ekuphatheni izifo eziqhelekileyo kwiirozi: Ikhonkco

Bona Okuninzi:

Imiyalelo ebanzi yokhathalelo lwerozi: Ikhonkco

Imiyalelo yokutyala kunye nokunyamekela iirozi ngokweenkcukacha

Umhlaba-isichumiso-izibonelelo-izixhobo zeeroses: Ikhonkco

I-Happy Trees inezichumisi ezikhethekileyo zeRose Care kunye noMhlaba kwiirozi ezibonelela ngezondlo ukunceda izityalo zerozi zikhule kakuhle, zityatyambe ngendlela esemgangathweni, kwaye zandise ukuba sesichengeni kwesityalo kwizifo. Ngokukodwa, isichumisi seRose Care sikhuselekile kakhulu kubasebenzisi.

Cela abasebenzi babelane ngayo yonke imibuzo yakho malunga nendlela yokunyamekela iirozi

Ngeqela labachwephesha abanyamekela iirozi ekhaya ngokuqinisekileyo baya kukwenza waneliseke.

MHLAWUMBI UNOMDLA

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