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Igama lesiNgesi/igama leNzululwazi:


Igama leNzululwazi: Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. okanye Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.)


Ukuba ngowentsapho: Ilethisi (Polygonaceae)


Elinye igama: Xich Thu O, Thu O, Giao Dang, Da Giao Dang, Da Hop, Earth Star, Khua Suong (Thai), Man Dang Tu Duong (Laos – Sam Nua), Man Can On (Tho)…

Iimpawu zeBotany, inkcazo yokuqala yomthi we-ambrela obomvu

I-umbrella ebomvu i-rhubarb ngumdiliya ohlala iminyaka emininzi. Iziqu zikhula zijijene. Umphandle womzimba uluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kunye nemithambo emikhulu okanye ulusu, umphezulu womzimba ugudile, awunaboya.


Iimpawu zeBotany zeambrela ebomvu

Iimpawu zeBotany zeambrela ebomvu

Amagqabi ayatshintshana, aneziqu ezinde. Incakuba yegqabi imxinwa, imile okwentliziyo, 4-8cm ubude, 2.5-5cm ububanzi, incam yencam, imilebe yentliziyo, okanye imile okwetolo, igudile kwaye ayinaboya. Amagqabi abhityile, amdaka ngebala, ewola isiqu.


(a) shiya amagqabi; (b) ingcambu yeengcambu ze shou wu; (c) irhizome ye ha thu wu; (d) Isiqu serhizome esomileyo

Iintyatyambo zincinci, 2mm ububanzi, zineziqu ezimfutshane ukusuka kwi-1-3mm. Iintyatyambo zikhula zibe ngamasebe amaninzi. Amagqabi amhlophe. Istamens ezisibhozo ezinestamens ezithathu zinde kancinci. Igourd inamacala amathathu, isitayile sifutshane, sibandakanya ezintathu ezihlukeneyo, ezimile okwekresti, ezithobileyo. Iintyatyambo ngo-Oktobha, iziqhamo ngoNovemba.


Intyatyambo yeambrela ebomvu

Intyatyambo yeambrela ebomvu

Iimpawu ze-Ecological zomthi we-ambrela obomvu


Umthi weambrela obomvu utyalwe embizeni

Ebomvu hollyhock

Umthi we-Ha Thu O ukhula endle kwiindawo ezisezintabeni, unommandla obanzi we-ikholoji. I-Ha Thu O sisityalo esixabisekileyo samayeza, ngoko ke ityalwe ngokubanzi kwiindawo ezininzi, inokukhula kwaye ikhule kakuhle emathafeni. Isityalo sikhula kakuhle kwiqondo lokushisa lama-22.oC ukuya kuma-27oC, imfuneko yemvula: 1,500 – 2,000mm. Ilungele umhlaba onokukhanya ukuya kophakathi kokwakheka koomatshini, umhlaba okhululekileyo, otyebileyo we-humus onobunzima obuyi-50-100cm, iasidi ebuthathaka, pH 5-6.5…

Ukusasazwa kunye nokuqokelelwa kweeambrela ezibomvu

I-Ha thu o ikhula zasendle ezintabeni nasemahlathini, ngokuqhelekileyo kumaphondo aseMntla-ntshona, emva koko kwi-Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Lao Cai, Lai Chau, kunye namaphondo aseCentral Highlands. Amanye amazwe aseAsia nawo aneHa Thu wu, anjengeJapan neTshayina (Jiangsu, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hubei, and Fujian).

Ukuvuna kunye nokulungiswa: Inxalenye yeyeza lomthi obomvu weHa Thu yingcambu ene-tube. Ukuvuna unyaka wonke, ngokukhethekileyo ekwindla nasebusika, xa izityalo zibuna. Gcoba iingcambu, uhlambe umhlaba oyisanti, susa iingcambu, zome okanye zome kancinci (mhlawumbi ziphekwe ngaphambi kokumisa).

Ukubunjwa kweekhemikhali kwi-ambrela ebomvu

I-ambulera ebomvu ye-scorpion iqukethe i-anthraglycosides ye-1.7%; i-crysophanol, i-emodin, i-rhein; iqulethe i-1.1% yeprotheni; 42.2% isitashi; I-4.5% ye-inorganic matter; 24.6% enyibilikayo emanzini. Ukwakhiwa kweekhemikhali ze-red holly zitshintshwa ngexesha lokucubungula. I-Raw Ha Thu O iqulethe i-7.68% ye-tannin, i-0.259% ephuma kwi-anthraquinone yasimahla, yi-0.805% iyonke i-anthraquinone. Emva kokucubungula, i-ha tho wu iqulethe i-3.82% ye-tannin, i-0.113% ye-anthraquinone yamahhala, i-0.25% ye-anthraquinone derivatives iyonke. I-Phospholipids ikhona kwi-3.49% kwizinto eziluhlaza kunye ne-1.82% kwizityalo zonyango ezicutshungulwayo.

Iziphumo Pharmacological of red hollyhock

– I-Lexitin iyona nxalenye ephambili yenkqubo ye-nervous, ngoko i-Ha Thu O ingasetyenziselwa kwiimeko zokuphazamiseka kwe-nervous kunye nesifo se-neurological. ILexitin ikwanceda ekuveliseni igazi kwaye yondle intliziyo. Isisombululo se-lexitin ehlanjululwe kwi-1/10,000 ukuya kwi-1/20,000 inefuthe lokuzihlukanisa entliziyweni, ukuba intliziyo sele ibuthathaka, umphumo ubonakala ngakumbi. ILexitin ngumthombo ofunxwa lula wephosphorus kwaye inceda ekuphuculeni imetabolism iyonke.

– Ngenxa yokubunjwa kwe-anthraglucoside, i-Ha Thu O inefuthe lokukhuthaza ukunyanzeliswa kwamathumbu emathunjini, ukukhuthaza ukugaya, kunye nokuphucula isondlo.

– Ukwenyuswa kweswekile yegazi kwimivundla: Nika imivundla idecoction ye ha tho o kwaye ujonge ifuthe kwiswekile esegazini.Emva kokusela imizuzu engama-30 ukuya kwimizuzu engama-60, iswekile yegazi iyenyuka iye kwelona nqanaba liphezulu, emva koko yehle.Kancinci, kwiiyure ezi-6 emva kokuthatha iyeza , izinga leswekile yegazi laliyi-0.03% ngaphantsi kunesiqhelo.

Imiphumo ye-estrogen yohlobo lwe-endocrine yandisa ithoni yesibeleko kwiimvavanyo ezizimeleyo zesibeleko; Yandisa i-lactation, i-anti-inflammatory in vivo.

– Isiphumo sokuphucula izinga lokusinda, okanye ukwandisa ixesha lokunyamezela kwizilwanyana ezitofelwe iinyoka ezinobuhlungu; isiphumo esithintelayo se-intestinal intestinal smooth spasm eyenziwe yi-histamine kunye ne-acetylcholine; i-antispasmodic effect – i-bronchi, ukwandisa ixesha lokhuseleko kwimodeli ye-aerosol histamine.
-Iimpembelelo ezichasayo kwiimodeli zovavanyo zokuvuvukala; bangela i-edema ebukhali kunye nokudumba okungapheliyo okubangela ukukhutshwa kwe-pleural ngeoli yepine ebalulekileyo; bangela ukudumba kwe-allergic kunye ne-polyarthritis nge-BCG.

– I-Lipid-ehlisa umphumo, ukukhusela ukuphuhliswa kwe-atherosclerosis.

Iimpawu kunye nokusetyenziswa kweambrela ebomvu

– IHa Thu wu inencasa ekrakrayo, ene-acridi, eswiti kancinane, kunye neshushu. Inomphumo wesibindi se-tonic kunye nezintso, igazi le-tonic, inzuzo yomongo, i-qi kunye negazi, i-tendon eqinile kunye namathambo, i-laxative.

-Ha thu o ingcambu inefuthe le-tonic yegazi, ukusilela kwezintso, isibindi esibuthathaka, ubuthathaka bengqondo, ukulala kakubi, isifo seengcongconi, i-anemia, iintlungu zomqolo, iintlungu zedolo, i-dysmenorrhea, ukuphefumla kakubi, kunye nokuchama. irashes engapheli … Ukusela ixesha elide kwenza iinwele zibe mnyama kubantu abanezimvi zangaphambi kwexesha, okwenza iinwele zibe zincinci kwaye ziwe. Musa ukusebenzisa i-Ha Thu O ebomvu kubantu abanexinzelelo lwegazi oluphantsi kunye noshukela wegazi. Xa usebenzisa, yeka ukutya itswele, ikonofile, radishes….

– Ngokwamanye amaxwebhu angaphandle, e-Indiya, iingcambu zeHa thu wu zisetyenziselwa i-tonic, ngokuchasene ne-scurvy, ubumnyama beenwele kunye neendevu …; E-China, phila i-Ha Thu O inefuthe lokucoca umchamo, ukukhupha kunye nokuphelisa umhlaza, ukunyanga abafazi emva kokubeleka, abantu abanokhwekhwe, umculo … I-Ha Thu O Che inefuthe lokondla isibindi kunye nezintso, eziluncedo. , isetyenziswe njenge-sedative, ukunyusa amandla kwiimeko zobuthathaka bomzimba, isiyezi, i-palpitations, intloko, ukulala, i-neurasthenia, i-rickets …; EJapan, iambrela ebomvu isetyenziselwa ukunyanga i-pyoderma, i-gonorrhea, i-favus ezinyaweni …

Iimpawu kunye nokusetyenziswa kwe-shou wu ephilayo


Cu Ha Thu Thu iambrela ebomvu

Ikumquat ebomvu ekrwada (ayilungiswanga)

“Living Ha Thu O” (ozelwe nguHa Thu O) ihlala isetyenziselwa ukunyanga izilonda, ukurhawuzelelwa, ukudumba, iintlungu, ukuqhina, umculo, isifo seengcongconi, … Kwaye “ha Thu O Che” isetyenziselwa ukondla nokunyanga. Izifo ezonakeleyo, umlinganiselo wegazi eliphantsi, umntu obhityileyo, ulusu olumthubi, intloko enesiyezi, amehlo eentyatyambo, ukunkengezela kweendlebe, ukuba ngwevu kweenwele neendevu ngaphambi kwexesha, iintlungu zomqolo namadolo.

Ukucubungula iiambrela ezibomvu

I-Ha Thu O iyasikwa, ifakwe emanzini ukuhlamba irayisi imini nobusuku, ihlanjululwe icocekile, kwaye iqhubekile nokulungiselela ngamanzi embotyi emnyama. Nge-1kg nganye ye-Ha Thu O, kufuneka usebenzise i-100g yeembotyi ezimnyama. Beka iimbotyi ezimnyama embizeni, ugalele malunga neelitha ezi-2 zamanzi, upheke de zivuthwe iimbotyi ezimnyama, emva koko ukhuphe amanzi. Xuba iha tho o kunye nejusi yembotyi emnyama, yifake kwisikhongozeli (ungasebenzisi i-iron), yibeke kwi-steamer de ijusi yembotyi emnyama ifunxeke ngokupheleleyo kwiingceba zeha tho o, uyikhuphe uyiyeke yome. .


Ijusi yembotyi emnyama egayiweyo eneHa Thu O


Pheka womise ha shou wu ngejusi yembotyi emnyama

Leyo yindlela eqhelekileyo. Ukuba ufuna ukuyipheka ngononophelo, kufuneka “cuu chiu cuu sai” – oko kukuthi, upheke kwaye uyomise i-ha thu o ngejusi yembotyi emnyama njengamaxesha angaphezu kwe-9.

Xa utywala utywala, kufuneka zidibaniswe kunye neziphi iziyobisi ezinomphumo ongcono, kuxhomekeke kwimeko yempilo kunye nenjongo yokusetyenziswa.

-Abantu abanegazi elibi (umonakalo wegazi), abafuna i-tonic yegazi elomeleleyo, kufuneka balungelelanise indawo yendawo, i-dong quai, i-Bach Thuoc, …

-Abantu abanomphefumlo omdaka, ukubila, ukungatyi, kufuneka badityaniswe ne-ginseng, i-astragalus, …

– Abo bangaqapheliyo, ukuba i-crystal ye-yin yonakaliswe, ibangela ukuba iindevu zabo kunye neenwele zikhawuleze zibe grey, umva kunye namadolo abo abuthathaka, okanye iintloko zabo ziphazamisekile, iindlebe zabo zibuhlungu, iindlebe zabo zinzima, kufuneka idityaniswe namayeza anefuthe eliluncedo kwizintso.njengamathambo e-tonic, amaqunube egoji, imivundla,…

Ngokubanzi, kungcono ukuba ube nengcebiso ethile evela kugqirha oqeqeshiweyo weyeza laseMpuma.

Amanye amayeza omthi weambrela obomvu

1. Umyalelo we-tonics kubantu abadala, ubuthathaka, uvalo, ukungafuni ukutya: 10g Ha thu o, i-apile enkulu (i-5g yaseTshayina emnyama, i-2g yesikhumba, i-3g yesilingi, i-3g yokuzalwa, i-2g licorice. , i-600ml yamanzi, i-200ml ebukhali, ihlulwe Amaxesha ama-3-4 ukusela emini.

2. Iyeza elilula lommangaliso elenza iinwele ezimhlophe kunye neendevu ezimnyama, iintambo ezinamandla kunye namathambo, umoya oqinileyo, ubomi obude.

Iiambrela zeHa Thu ezibomvu nezimhlophe 600g nganye, zifakwe emanzini ukuhlamba irayisi kangangeentsuku ezi-4 nobusuku bazo, zikhuthulwe eluswini, zicocwe ngeembotyi ezimnyama, emva koko zibeke uHa Thu O embizeni: Ujiko olunye lweHa Thu O, ujiko olunye. iimbotyi ezimnyama esitovini iimbotyi ezimnyama eziphekiweyo, khupha iimbotyi ukuze zome, khupha iimbotyi ezomisiweyo, uze uzibeke kwakhona, wenze oku amaxesha ali-9. Ekugqibeleni, thatha i-Ha Thu O eyomileyo kunye nomgubo.

I-Chain kunye ne-Bach Phuc Linh nganye i-600g, ihlanjululwe kwigobolondo ephothiweyo, iphathwe ngamanzi acacileyo, ihluzwe ukuhlalisa i-powder engezantsi, ivaliwe, ixutywe ngobisi lwebele olomileyo.

I-Niu tack 320g efakwe kwiwayini ngosuku, inqunyulwe kancinane ixutywe ne-ha thu o, kunye neembotyi ezimnyama nge-7th, 9th kunye ne-9th amaxesha akhutshwe ukuze ome.

I-Duong Quy 320g ifakwe etywaleni owomileyo. Amaqunube eGoji 320g afakwe kwiwayini eyomileyo.

Umvundla uTy Tu 320g ufakwe etywaleni ukuze uqhekeke, ucolwe kwaye womiswe.

Yongeza umongo we-100g, uxutywe nesesame emnyama (black chi ma) ukuze ivumba elimnandi. Zonke zixutywe kwaye zixutywe, zongeza ubusi ukwenza amalungu e-0.5g (malunga nobukhulu beenkozo zengqolowa). Thatha amaxesha ama-3 ngosuku, iipilisi ezingama-50 ngexesha ngalinye. Sebenzisa utywala ekuseni, sebenzisa ijusi yejinja emini, kunye namanzi anetyuwa ngokuhlwa.

3. UGqr. Vo Van Chi wazisa inani lamayeza esintu ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

– Abantu abadala abane-vascular sclerosis, uxinzelelo lwegazi oluphezulu okanye amadoda abuthathaka anengxaki yokukhulelwa: Sebenzisa i-ha thu o 20 g, i-mistletoe mulberry, i-goji berry, inkomo yonke i-16 g, isiselo esihle kakhulu.

– I-cholesterol ephezulu egazini: Fresh ha thu wu 900g crispy rostiwe, umgubo. Thatha i-15 g ngexesha ngalinye, uphuze ngamanzi abilayo ukufudumala. Amaxesha ama-2 ngosuku. Iintsuku ezingama-30 eziqhubekayo.

4. Ukunyangwa kokunyangwa: unyango lokutya ngenxa yomonakalo wegazi, ukulahleka okutsha kwamanzi, usebenzisa i-Tu Thach, i-Single Stone, i-Dan Ginseng, i-Ngu Vi Tu, i-apula kernel, isakhelo se-Xuyen (isixa esincinci), kunye neziphumo. Abanye ababhali basebenzisa i-20% injectable Ha Thu O solution intramuscularly, 4ml ixesha ngalinye, kanye ngosuku, iintsuku ezingama-20-30 ziyikhosi; Kwiimeko ezinzima, tofa kabini ngosuku, yonke imihla, kwikhosi yeentsuku ezingama-15-20, uthathe ikhefu leentsuku ezingama-15-20, ulale ngcono, emva koko kanye ngeentsuku ezili-9 okanye uthathe iipilisi ze-Ha Thu O 5-7 ngexesha ngalinye. (0.5g/tablet).), Amaxesha ama-3 ngosuku, kwimeko yexesha elide, kabini ngosuku, kusasa nasebusuku. Kwimeko yesifo esincinci okanye isifo esincitshisiweyo, thatha iipilisi ezi-6 – 10 ubusuku bonke ngaphambi kokulala. Ukusela kunye nokutofa ukutshintsha ukusetyenziswa. Unyango lwamatyala e-141, unyango lweklinikhi lwe-53.9%, ukuphuculwa kokulala kakuhle kwe-44.7%, izinga leziphumo ze-98.6%, ngokutsho kombhali ungcono kuneepilisi zokulala i-Bromure kunye ne-Meprobamate (i-201 ye-Liberation Army Hospital) , Uhlalutyo lwezonyango lwe-141 iimeko zokulala usebenzisa Ha Thu wu, Chinese herbal ulwazi 1974,5:38).

5. Unyango lwe-whooping cough: sebenzisa i-Ha Thu O 6 – 12g, i-Licorice 1.5 – 3g, usuku ngalunye isikali sombala esi-1, sahlulwe amaxesha angama-4-6 ukusela, abanye abantu bagqiba ukusela ngohudo oluncinci, sebenzisa i-Kha Tu okanye i-Poppy. Iimeko ze-35 ziye zaphiliswa kwiimeko ezili-19, ngokusisiseko iimeko ezi-8 ziye zaphiliswa, iimeko ze-4 ziye zaphuculwa, ityala eli-1 alizange lifunyanwe (Vuong Khoi Minh, Ingxelo ngeziphumo zokuqala zokunyanga ukukhwehlela ngeHa Thu O, iJiangsu Chinese Medicine Iphephandaba.1965,3:10).

6. Unyango lwe-Malaria: Sebenzisa i-Ha Thu O 18-25g, i-Licorice 1.5-3g, abantwana banciphisa isixa, baqina emva kweeyure ze-2, bahlulwe kwii-3 iidosi ngaphambi kokutya. Ukunyanga iimeko ze-17, iziphumo zazilungile (uVuong Khai Minh, Ingxelo yeemeko ze-17 ze-malaria eziphathwe nge-Ha Thu O, i-Cantonese Medical Newspaper 1964,4: 31).

8. Ukunyangwa kweenwele ezingwevu: Sebenzisa i-Ha Thu O Che, uThuc Dia Hoang yonke i-30g, i-Duong Quy 15g, i-soak kwi-1000ml yewayini emhlophe ngeentsuku ze-10-15, ekugqibeleni i-15-30ml ngexesha ngalinye, uphuze ngokuqhubekayo kude kube neziphumo. Unyango lwamatyala angama-36 (amatyala angama-20 esilivere kumaqela, iimeko ze-16 zezifo ezihlakazekileyo ezivela kwi-1 ukuya kwi-10 iminyaka, iziphumo zamatyala angama-24, inkqubela phambili yamatyala e-8, izinga lesiphumo se-88.9% (Trieu Hong Bin, Ruo Ha) wu wu waphathwa iinwele ezingwevu, Shandong Journal of Chinese Medicine 1983,4:41).

9. Unyango lomonakalo we-radial nerve: sebenzisa i-Ha Thu O 30g decoction, ihlulwe kwaye iphuze kusasa nasemva kwemini, ikhosi ye-1 yenyanga. Ukulandela iimeko ze-14, izinga lokunyanga laliyi-86.7% (i-Truyen Bang Lieu, iNgxelo yeemeko ze-14 zokulimala kwe-nerve ye-radial ephathwa nguHa Thu Wu, i-Chinese Journal ye-Traditional Chinese Medicine 1988, 1:34).

Taboo xa usebenzisa iambrela ebomvu

Abantu abasebenzisa i-ambrela ebomvu kufuneka bayeke ukutya itswele, igalikhi kunye neeradishes ezimhlophe; Ukongeza, zombini i-chili kunye nepepile kufuneka ziyekwe, kuba zonke ezi zizinto ezishushu nezineziqholo, ezinepropathi ezisasazekayo, ezidla i-essence yegazi.


N.Ha yenziwe ukusuka: Izityalo zonyango kunye nemifuno yaseVietnam – uProf. UGqr. Do Tat Loi, Isichazi-magama sezityalo zonyango zaseVietnam – Vo Van Chi; rcmp.org.vn; en.wikipedia.org, phuunet.com; thuocvuonnha.com.

Bona izihloko ezininzi: Umthi we-Ha Thu O, umthi obomvu we-Ha Thu O, u-Chi Thu O, u-Thu O, u-Giao Dang, u-Da Giao Dang, u-Da Hop, i-Earth Star, i-Hua Sua, i-Man Dang Tua Dang, i-Man Can En

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