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Umthi we-banyan uthathwa njengophawu lokuphila ixesha elide, amandla athambileyo, kwaye ukwaluphawu loothixo kunye nokomoya womntu. Umfanekiso womthi we-banyan unxulumene nobomi babantu baseVietnam. Makhe sifumane ulwazi malunga nesi sityalo kunye nathi!

Yintoni umthi webhanyan?

Umthi weBanyan, amanye amagama: umthi we-banyan, umthi we-Hai Son cordon, umthi we-dong, umthi wesikhumba, onegama lenzululwazi elinamacandelo amabini (ngokukaBailey ngo-1976) nguFicus bengalensis, uhlobo lomthi kusapho lweMulberry (Moraceae), Unokukhula ube ngumthi omkhulu onecanopy egubungela amawaka aliqela eemitha ezikwere. EVietnam, abanye abantu bayayibhidanisa nomthi wokuzalwa, ongumthi wohlobo olufanayo kodwa unegama elahlukileyo lezenzululwazi.

Umthi weBanyan, njengezinye iintlobo zemithi yohlobo lweFicus efana ne-si (Ficus stricta), ukuzalwa (Ficus benjamina), umkhiwane (Ficus auriculata), umkhiwane okanye ongenasiqhamo (Ficus carica), uboya obuninzi (Ficus drupacea), igwava (Ficus microcarpa), inyathi yamandulo (Ficus pumila), umkhiwane (Ficus racemosa), umthi we-bodhi (Ficus religiosa) njl. Kukho iindlela ezininzi zokukhula ezingaqhelekanga. Yimithi emikhulu edla ngokuqala ubomi njengeepiphyte ezikhule kwimbewu kweminye imithi (okanye kwizakhiwo ezinjengezindlu, iibhulorho) njengoko iintaka ezivelisa iziqhamo zisasaza imbewu. Izityalo ezikhuliswe kwimbewu zikhula ngokukhawuleza iingcambu zomoya ezisuka kumasebe, kwaye ezi ngcambu zomoya zikhula zibe ziziqu zokwenene xa zifika emhlabeni. Umthi womkhosi ekugqibeleni uya kukrwitshwa okanye wahlulwe kukukhula ngokukhawuleza komthi we-banyan.

Olu phawu luvumela isityalo ukuba sisasazeke kwindawo ebanzi. Owona mthi mkhulu we-banyan ophilayo ePune (India) unobubanzi obungange-800 m ukujikeleza isiqu sawo esingundoqo.

Umthi weBanyan - Iimpawu, indlela yokukhula kunye nokukhathalela umthi we-banyan 2
Imifanekiso yemithi ye-banyan

Iimpawu zomthi we-banyan

Umthi we-banyan uhlala ubhidaniswa ngabantu abaninzi kunye nomthi wokuzalwa, kodwa ngokwenene, ezi ntlobo zimbini zinohlobo olufanayo kodwa zinamagama enzululwazi ahluke ngokupheleleyo. Umthi we-banyan unendlela ekhethekileyo yokukhula kunye nophuhliso. Baqala ubomi babo ngokukhula kwimbewu. Imbewu inokuphila kwezinye izityalo (imithombo yeendaba). Emva koko, xa umthi ukhula ukuya kwinqanaba elithile, uya kuba neentente zomoya ezisuka emasebeni. Ezi ngcambu zomoya ziyakukhula zibe ziziqu zokwenyani xa zifika emhlabeni. Umthi womkhosi ekugqibeleni uya kukrwitshwa okanye wohlulwe kukukhula ngokukhawuleza komthi we-banyan.

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Umthi we-banyan ukhuliswe njengebhonsai etsala amehlo kakhulu

Olu phawu luvumela umthi ukuba usasazeke kwindawo ebanzi kakhulu ukuya kumakhulu aliqela eemitha kwindalo. Enyanisweni owona mthi mkhulu we-banyan ufunyenwe e-Indiya kunye nobubanzi becanopy ukuya kuma-800m ukujikeleza isiqu sawo esingundoqo.

Umthi weBanyan unamagqabi amakhulu, a-oval anemithambo emide ngaphantsi komphezulu wamagqabi. Igqabi elingaphakathi eliluhlaza liqulethe iikristale ezininzi ze-calcium carbonate kwaye libizwa ngokuba yijelly capsule. Ithupha elikhula phezulu lidla ngokuwa kwangethuba kwaye livale ithupha letheminali. Xa amagqabi edubula, aya kuwa.

Kwintsapho ye-banyan, kukho iintlobo ezininzi ezahlukeneyo ezifana ne-banyan egudileyo, i-red bud, iindlela ezininzi njl. Ngokuphathelele imvelaphi, kukho iimbono ezininzi ezahlukahlukeneyo. Ngokutsho kwabantu abaninzi umthi we-banyan usuka eIndiya apho ubuBhuda baqala khona. Kukho enye imbono yokuba umthi we-banyan uvela kwindawo enkulu yaseAsia.

Ukusasazwa

Imvelaphi: NgokukaNeal (1965), umthi we-banyan uyinzalelwane yaseIndiya, unokuphila ukuya kuthi ga kwi-600 m (malunga ne-2,000 ft), ngakumbi kwiindawo ezomileyo. NgokukaRiffle (1998), umthi we-banyan uvela kwindawo enkulu yaseAsia, ukusuka eIndiya ukuya eMyanmar, Thailand, Southeast Asia, Southern China naseMalaysia.

Ukusasazwa kweHlabathi jikelele: Imithi ye-Banyan ikhuliswa ngokubanzi kwiindawo ezitshisayo kwaye ikhula zasendle kwiindawo ezininzi ezifumileyo zoMhlaba (Riffle 1998).

E-US, ifumaneka eMiami (eFlorida), eHawaii. Umthi wokuqala we-banyan e-US watyalwa ngu-Edison e-Fort Myers (eFlorida).

E-Australia, ifunyenwe ikhula zasendle kumntla-mpuma kunye nombindi weQueensland (Chew 1989, PIER 2000). I-PIER (2000) ikwabika ukuba ikhuliswe eSamoa, kwiZiqithi zaseMantla eMariana, eGuam, eFiji, ePolynesia naseKiribati.

Isiphumo somthi we-banyan

Kwilizwe lethu, umfanekiso womthi we-banyan udibene nobuntwana bezizukulwana ezininzi zabantu. Zikhuliswa kwizindlu ezininzi ezihlangeneyo, iipagoda okanye iilali. Phantse yonke indawo inemithi ye-banyan yakudala ebekwe ecaleni kwamatye ezikhumbuzo. Kukholelwa ukuba umthi we-banyan wamandulo ufuzisela ubomi obude, ukomelela kunye nesibindi sokukhusela abahlali kwiilali kunye nokuzisa uxolo.

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Umfanekiso womthi we-banyan udibene needolophana zaseVietnam

Olu phawu luvumela umthi ukuba usasazeke kwindawo ebanzi kakhulu ukuya kumakhulu aliqela eemitha kwindalo. Enyanisweni owona mthi mkhulu we-banyan ufunyenwe e-Indiya kunye nobubanzi becanopy ukuya kuma-800m ukujikeleza isiqu sawo esingundoqo.

Umthi weBanyan unamagqabi amakhulu, a-oval anemithambo emide ngaphantsi komphezulu wamagqabi. Igqabi elingaphakathi eliluhlaza liqulethe iikristale ezininzi ze-calcium carbonate kwaye libizwa ngokuba yijelly capsule. Ithupha elikhula phezulu lidla ngokuwa kwangethuba kwaye livale ithupha letheminali. Xa amagqabi edubula, aya kuwa.

Kwintsapho ye-banyan, kukho iintlobo ezininzi ezahlukeneyo ezifana ne-banyan egudileyo, i-red bud, iindlela ezininzi njl. Ngokuphathelele imvelaphi, kukho iimbono ezininzi ezahlukahlukeneyo. Ngokutsho kwabantu abaninzi umthi we-banyan usuka eIndiya apho ubuBhuda baqala khona. Kukho enye imbono yokuba umthi we-banyan uvela kwindawo enkulu yaseAsia.

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Umthi we-banyan waseVietnam

Indlela yokutyala nokukhathalela imithi ye-banyan

Iimeko zendalo zomthi we-banyan

Ukukhanya: Imithi yeBanyan ikhetha iimeko eziqaqambileyo. Ziyakhula apho kukho ukukhanya okwaneleyo kwaye ukuba zityalwe ekukhanyeni okuphantsi, isityalo asiyi kukhula kwaye amaqabunga aya kuba mnyama.

Iqondo lobushushu kunye nokufuma: Imithi yeBanyan ikhetha amaqondo obushushu angabandi kakhulu, ngokuqhelekileyo i-24-32 degrees ifanelekile. Izityalo zokufuma okuphezulu ziya kuphumelela.

Umhlaba wezityalo ezininzi; Umthi weBanyan ungakhuliswa kwiintlobo ezininzi zomhlaba ukusuka kumhlaba ovunduvundu, umhlaba ovunduvundu ukuya kumhlaba onetyuwa, umthi nawo ukhula kakuhle.

Ukunyamekela umthi we-banyan

Xa utyala uqhubela phambili ngokutyala ngomhlaba oquka umhlaba ovunduvundu, i-peat kunye nesanti enkulu. I-Multi ikhula ngokukhawuleza kwaye yomelele, ngoko ke kuyimfuneko ukuphinda i-repot kanye kwiminyaka emi-2 yezityalo ngasekupheleni kwentwasahlobo.

Umthi weBanyan kulula ukuwukhulisa awukhathali kakhulu. Emva kokutyala emhlabeni ixeshana, umthi ukhula ube malunga nemitha enye enesiqingatha ukuphakama, uqhubela phambili nokubhitya umthi wokutyala. Ngenxa yokuba ngumthi omdala, uxinaniso lokutyala kufuneka lube banzi. Kwimozulu embi, imithi inokukhula kwaye ikhule. Imithi ye-Ornamental ye-banyan ingaphila phantse yonke emanzini.

Ukuthenwa kwemithi ye-banyan ngonyaka. Xa umncinci, umboko uyathandeka kwaye kulula ukuwubumba. Ungasebenzisa iipliers kunye nocingo ukubumba umthi. Xa umthi wenze imilo esisigxina, uqhubela phambili usebenzisa isikere ukucheba amagqabi abunileyo, ushiye amagqabi aluhlaza kuphela ukuba adle.

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Umthi we-banyan waseVietnam

Chuba izityalo

Ngexesha lokukhula, uqhubeka nokuchumisa isityalo emva kweentsuku ezingama-20 ukusuka entwasahlobo ukuya ekwindla. Imithi emikhulu, kanye kwiinyanga ezi-2, ichumisa imithi. Umgquba unokuba ngumgquba obolileyo, isichumisi seNPK esixutywe namanzi emazantsi omthi.

Phezu kwako nje ukukhula kwawo ngamandla, lo mthi we-banyan ukwanochuku kutshintsho lweqondo lobushushu. Ukuba amaqondo obushushu atshintsha ngokukhawuleza, umthi unokuphulukana namagqabi kwaye ukhule kakubi. Ebusika, kufuneka uhambise isityalo kwindawo efudumeleyo enokukhanya okukhulu ukuze kungabi kubanda. Nkcenkceshela rhoqo ukugcina izityalo zipholile.

Umfanekiso womthi we-banyan ngengoma

Ingoma yomthi webhanyan

Nyuka kwithambeka, uhlale kwingcambu yomthi we-banyan
Ukuba ndixokile oh umthi webhanyan, ukuba ndiyaxoka oh umthi webhanyan
Ngubani ongenathamsanqa lokucinga ukuzila oko
Vumela isibini sibone ubusuku benyanga epheleleyo
Ukuba ndixokile oh umthi webhanyan, ukuba ndiyaxoka oh umthi webhanyan

Ukunqunqa i-bamboo kunye neminqwazi yokunitha, qaphela, iminqwazi yimibungu yesilika emithathu
Ukuba ndiyaxolisa ngemibungu emithathu yesilika, ukuba ndiyaxolisa ngemibungu yesilika emithathu
Ngubani ongenathamsanqa lokucinga ukuzila oko
Mbonise ubusuku benyanga epheleleyo
Oko ndixokile ku January, ukuba ndixokile ku January

Ilaphu eliBrown lokwenza iimpahla, jonga loo shirt, oh unyaka
Ukuba ndixoke ekupheleni konyaka, ukuba ndixoke ekupheleni konyaka
Ngubani ongenathamsanqa lokucinga ukuzila oko
Makanxibe ubusuku benyanga epheleleyo
Ukuba ndixoke ekupheleni konyaka, ukuba ndixoke ekupheleni konyaka

Nyuka kwithambeka, uhlale kwingcambu yomthi we-banyan
Ukuba ndixokile oh umthi webhanyan, ukuba ndiyaxoka oh umthi webhanyan
Ngubani ongenathamsanqa lokucinga ukuzila oko
Vumela isibini sibone ubusuku benyanga epheleleyo
Ukuba ndixokile oh umthi webhanyan, ukuba ndiyaxoka oh umthi webhanyan

Ukudibana nawe, nam, ndifuna ukuza apha
Oko ndithi ndifuna ukupasa, ndithi ndifuna ukupasa
Ndime ecaleni kwam, ndicinga ngokuzilela oko
Kwelinye icala locingo ukubukela inyanga epheleleyo ebusuku
Umyeni wakhe uthe wajonga ngapha, ndathi wajonga ngapha

Umyeni wam umile, umile kwaye ujonge ngaphaya
Oko ndixokile ndajonga ngapha, ndaxoka ndajonga ngapha
Ndikho, ntombazana elungileyo nenyanisekileyo
Isidima sinetyuwa, bukela umnyhadala, hayi la da
Ukuba ndixokile oh umthi webhanyan, ukuba ndiyaxoka oh umthi webhanyan

Ingoma yomthi webhanyan ilithambeka

Sikunye, senyuka iqhina le-ca loc Coc ukufumana umthi we-banyan…

Phumla iinyawo zakho kwaye ufunxe amaqhekeza amathathu e-betel nut ezandleni nasezinyaweni zakho ngaphandle kokujonga iinkwenkwezi

Yekabani na intaka ephaphazelayo ukuze ifumane intaka?

Ukuba ndinamantombazana amathathu anezidlele ezibomvu kunye nemilebe epinki eneengqekembe

Buza umthi webhanyan ukuba kutheni kungekho moya xa ubusuku bufika kuzila

Iingcambu zomthi zikekele phezulu kwilali ukudibanisa umtya obomvu ukuba nabani na akhangele phambili kuwo.

Ukuba nabani na odlula kwivenkile engumnqantsa akhumbule iinyawo zakhe ukuba abuye aze kungcamla intwana yebetel ebabayo

Iingcambu zibonakala mihla le zilindele umntu olindele umntu…

Umthi weBanyan ulinde amehlo akho ulusizi ukuzila ukuzila uthando lokuzila

Umthi webhanyan ulusizi, amehlo am alindele isijwili, isijwili, isijwili, isijwili…

Ingoma yomthi webhanyan

UMnyhadala ophakathi kweNkwindla, inyanga epheleleyo iyabengezela eyadini yam.

Kumnandi, ecaleni kwembewu yevatala kukho iikeyiki ezithambileyo kunye neepayi

Umakhulu wahlala kwaye wabalisa amabali eentsuku zakudala, kwakukho uMalume uCuoi, udade uHang

Bhabha uye enyangeni.

Phezulu phaya, yintoni eyonwabisayo, Nkosazana Hang Nga?

Ngaba udakumbile phaya phezulu, Malume Cuoi?

Kodwa eshiya inyathi ukuba itye irayisi, wahlala yedwa ecaleni komthi webhanyan.

Imifanekiso yemithi ye-banyan ngokusebenzisa imibongo

Umbongo weBanyan tree – uMbhali uTran Dang Khoa

Ilali yam inomthi webhanyan

Ngomsele ombindini webala

Amagqabi aluhlaza kunye namanzi esilivere

Ulwandle olukhulu lwerayisi yegolide

Umthi weBanyan ubiza umoya

Umthi weBanyan uwangawangisa iintaka ngasemva

Inkulu kwaye inkulu yonke imihla

Kwaye unyuse amakhalane ngakumbi

Phantsi komthunzi we-banyan, inyathi

Ukonwabela ivumba lerayisi

Kwanele umhlambi weenkomo

Iintsiba ezipinki njengomlilo

Emini ilanga laligqats’ ubhobhoyi

Ngaba nina nithatha iholide?

I-arch ebiyelwe eluhlaza

IiCicadas ziyantyiloza, amagqabi ebhabha…

Umthi weBanyan phezulu kwilali – uMbhali uAnh Vu

Umthi weziqhamo weenkwenkwezi ekupheleni kwegadi yeentyatyambo ezimfusa nguLam Tam
Ukwindla ayikafiki, amasebe erozi asenazo iimpawu zeziqhamo
I-lotus iqhakaza ngamaphiko aqhakazile kwiingubo zasehlotyeni
Ivumba le-grapefruit lijikeleze indlu

Umthi webhanana, umthi we-orenji, umthi wejackfruit, na
Ukhozi lushiya uphahla kwikona yeyadi yesikolo liselula
Ndikukhethele isipha seentyatyambo ezibomvu zephoenix
Ubuhle obumsulwa buyakwazi ukuthetha ngasese

Zonke iintyatyambo kunye nexesha ngalinye lonyaka
I-Citadel yeenkumbulo zesibini esithandekayo
Amakhulu emithi abonisa umthi abantu abadla ngokuza kuwo
Uninzi lwale lali ipholile kwaye igcwele ilizwe

Undlunkulu uxhalabile ngenxa yeCauldron yoMbethe
Ubhidekile uCa Cuong, yithi molo kuDi Da
Ixesha leziqhamo livuthiwe, umjelo uyabuya ukuzothatha isiqhamo
Iinyathi ezintliziyweni zazo zihlafuna ingca eluhlaza yebhanyan.

Umthi webhanyan walapha elalini ngowobhuti wam qha
Ixesha lokuqala inyanga ilinde inyanga
Ooh ebusuku iingcambu zemithi ye-banyan kumasebe zenza ubudala
Amagqabi asebezayo asacula ingoma yasentwasahlobo.

Xhasa uhambo olude ongayekiyo
Irayisi inzima, ilanga ligolide, kwaye amahlombe abamba umoya
Amaqabane omthi ngabantwana abancinci
Khumbula iimini zokuphuma kwesikolo ulanda ibhanyan

Ukujonga emthini ngabantu abadala
Igazi labangasekhoyo lenza iinkwenkwezi ezikhanyayo
Iisilhouettes ezimangalisayo zamakomanisi
Idabi laba bazalwana bane lawela apha

Isitshixo seLime sihlala emthini
Ikhalane lixobula iqokobhe lalo, impempe iyaphuma ifunde ukucula
Abantu belali benza isithembiso ngalo mthi
Umthi weBanyan liqhina elibophelela uthando

Iiklasi ezimbalwa zamantombazana kunye namakhwenkwe abeka imipu endleleni
Isihloko selali sithi molo kwaye uzulise
Ekudibaneni kwelali, umthi webhanyan umi ngonaphakade
Ukubongoza abantu ukuba bahambe, balinde imini ukuba ibuye…

Yiva umoya ovuthuzayo ujikeleza ilali.

Qukumbela

Ngentla, i-Agriculture Extension Newspapers yabelane nawe ngolwazi malunga neempawu, iziphumo, ukutyalwa kunye nokukhathalelwa kwemithi ye-banyan. Siyathemba ukuba inqaku elingasentla liya kukwabelana nawe ngolwazi oluluncedo!

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