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Ukutyala kunye nokunyamekela ingca yasegadini ngokufanelekileyo Ngaba ngokwenene kunzima njengoko abantu becinga? Ngaba ndiyakwazi ukutyala ingca ngezandla kwisitiya sam esincinci?

iiminiatures zegadi
Ingca eluhlaza

Nguye a igadi Ngoluhlu olupheleleyo lwezityalo zokuhombisa ozithandayo, zilungele wonke umntu. Umyezo iya kuba banzi kwaye ibe nomoya ngakumbi xa igqunywe zizityalo eziluhlaza kunye neentyatyambo. Ukutyala ingca egadini nako kunegalelo elikhulu ekudaleni indawo eluhlaza egadini.

iiminiatures zegadi
Ingca eluhlaza

Kodwa akusoloko ingca etyalwayo isoloko iluhlaza kwaye isempilweni; ukuba awuyazi indlela yokutyala nokukhathalela ngokufanelekileyo. Ngoko ke oku kulula okanye kunzima; Nceda ubhekisele kwinqaku elingezantsi kunye neHanoi bonsai ukuze ufumane impendulo!

Ukutyala nokukhathalela ingca yasegadini
Ukutyala nokukhathalela ingca yasegadini

Amanqaku phambi kokutyala ingca yasegadini

Ukukhanya kwelanga ngowona mba uphambili ekugqibeni ngokutyala ingca egadini

Ingca yegadi uphuhliso okanye hayi; intle njengoko ndisenokucinga okanye akunjalo; Ukukhanya kwelanga yeyona nto ibalulekileyo kule ngxaki. Chonga igadi ukutyala ingca kukho ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi kwelanga ukukhetha ingca eyiyo ityalwe umyezo ngumsebenzi obaluleke kakhulu.

Ukutyala ingca egadini
Ukutyala ingca egadini

Ukuba indawo eza kulinywa inelanga elininzi, ingatyalwa Ingca yevelvet yaseJapan, ingca erhubuluzayo; Kufuneka libe lincinci ilanga ukukhula kwengca yegqabi lejinja; Ukuba akukho ilanga, kungcono ukusebenzisa ingca eyenziweyo okanye ungatyali ingca kuba yinkcitho yemali. Kuba ilanga limisela ukusinda kwengca yakho.

Ukukhanya kwelanga yeyona nto ithatha isigqibo malunga nokutyala ingca okanye hayi?
Ukukhanya kwelanga yeyona nto ithatha isigqibo malunga nokutyala ingca okanye hayi?

Ukumisela uhlobo olufanelekileyo lwengca yegadi

Umsebenzi Qinisekisa uhlobo lwengca olululo oza kulinywa egadini ngokusekelwe kwizinto ezininzi ezahlukeneyo ezifana: imozulu; imozulu; indawo yokutyala, isitayile soyilo lwendlu…

Qinisekisa uhlobo lwengca olululo oza kulinywa egadini
Qinisekisa uhlobo lwengca olululo oza kulinywa egadini

Ngokusekelwe kwimozulu yemozulu

Ummandla ngamnye we-cashew unemozulu nemozulu eyahlukileyo; umsebenzi ingca Kukwaxhomekeke kwimozulu yendawo nganye. Nangona kunjalo, okwangoku, uninzi lwengca ye-cashew iqhelene kakuhle nokusingqongileyo, ngaphandle kolunye uhlobo lokhula olukhethayo malunga nemozulu.

Qinisekisa uhlobo lwengca oza kuyityala egadini ngokusekelwe kwimozulu
Qinisekisa uhlobo lwengca oza kuyityala egadini ngokusekelwe kwimozulu

Indawo esesitiyeni kufuneka kutyalwe ingca

Zonke iindawo egadini zinokutyalwa, kodwa kufuneka zibe nokukhanya kwelanga. Ummandla osecaleni kwendlu uhlala usetyenziswa njengendlela yokuhamba, phakathi kwelitye eligayiweyo, amacala amabini angatyalwa ngengca yeenwele zehagu okanye ingca ye-ginger leaf, eya kuba yinto enhle kakhulu.

Qinisekisa uhlobo lwengca oza kuyityala egadini ngokusekelwe kwindawo yokutyala
Qinisekisa uhlobo lwengca oza kuyityala egadini ngokusekelwe kwindawo yokutyala

Indawo yaseGadini

Kuba igadi ububanzi njengomyezo kwiivillas; isigqumathelo sengca singatyalwa; ukudala iinduli, ukwenza amachibi ukuze indawo ibonakale ngakumbi; unga tyala ingca yevelvet okanye ingca enoboya behagu yokutyala isigcina-kufuma ukugudisa umphezulu.

Khetha ingca oza kuyityala ngokusekelwe kwindawo yegadi
Khetha ingca oza kuyityala ngokusekelwe kwindawo yegadi

Isitayile soyilo lwegadi

Ngokuqhelekileyo, kuya kusekelwe kwi-architecture yendlu yokudala amaphiko omyezo. Kuya kwandula ukuba kuqondwe ukuba unjani na umthi ewunyuliweyo; ukhula egadini. Oku kuya kubalaselisa ubuhle begadi, okwenza umfanekiso opheleleyo wegadi umanyene kwaye uhle. Ngokuchasene noko, ukuba ukhetha uhlobo lwengca olungahambelani nohlobo oluqhelekileyo lwendlu, luya kuphazamisa isitayela kunye nobuhle begadi.

Yenza ingca yegadi
Yenza ingca yegadi

Indlela yokutyala ngokufanelekileyo ingca yasegadini

Kwimarike yangoku, kukho iintlobo ezininzi zengca ekhulayo yokugubungela igadi; kufuneka ikhankanywe ngolu hlobo: Ingca yevelvet yaseJapan, ingca yoboya behagu; Ingca yamagqabi ejinja, ingca yeTorus, ingca yamandongomane… Ngokuxhomekeke kwindawo yokutyala ngokunjalo nezinto ozikhethayo, khetha olona hlobo lufanelekileyo lwengca.

Imiyalelo yokutyala ingca yasegadini ngokufanelekileyo
Imiyalelo yokutyala ingca yasegadini ngokufanelekileyo

Kwaye ukuze ingca yegadi ihlale iluhlaza, kubaluleke kakhulu ukutyala ingca ngokuchanekileyo. Yizani, kunye Hanoi Bonsai Funda ngakumbi ngalo msebenzi kamva!

Lungisa umhlaba phambi kokutyala ingca yasegadini

Kufuneka kuqala sicoce ukhula; Nkcenkceshela ngokucokisekileyo nangokucokisekileyo ukuze umhlaba ungatshoni. Eli nqanaba libaluleke kakhulu ukwenza isigqibo sokuba ingaba ingca yakho ithe tyaba okanye hayi.

Fumisa umhlaba phambi kokutyala ingca
Fumisa umhlaba phambi kokutyala ingca

Yenza ngokulandelayo umhlaba ongaphezulu onemingxuma kwangaxeshanye udala inkqubo yokuhambisa amanzi kakuhle kwingca ngokukodwa kunye negadi ngokubanzi.

Lungisa umhlaba phambi kokutyala
Lungisa umhlaba phambi kokutyala

Okulandelayo kukusasaza umaleko wesichumiso esixutyiweyo esiquka: ubulongwe benkomo + i-rice husk ash + coconut humus + humus umhlaba. Ubunzima balo maleko womgquba buxhomekeke ekubeni umhlaba ongaphezulu umbi okanye ulungile.

Indlela yokukhulisa ingca ihlala iluhlaza
Indlela yokukhulisa ingca ihlala iluhlaza

Okokugqibela, sebenzisa iraki ukuxuba umhlaba ongaphezulu kunye nomgquba.

Sebenzisa iraki ukuxuba umxube womhlaba
Sebenzisa iraki ukuxuba umxube womhlaba

Lungisa imbewu elungileyo phambi kokutyala ingca yasegadini

Ngokuxhomekeke kwiimfuno zakho kunye nenyani yeprojekthi nganye, lungiselela isixa esifanelekileyo sengca yengca. Qaphela ukuba kufuneka kusetyenziswe ingca encinci xa kutyalwa.

Ukulungisa ingca yegadi
Ukulungisa ingca yegadi

Uhlobo ngalunye lwe-mulch luneemfuno zalo zobugcisa. Kukho iimfuno ezahlukeneyo ngokuxhomekeke kwindlela yokutyala ikhaphethi okanye ukutyala. Ngengca ekhaphethiweyo efana ne: Japanese velvet grass; ingca enoboya behagu… emva koko ibe yi-1m2 imbewu yengca iyakukhula 1.2 m2 umhlaba. Ngokuphathelele ingca elinywayo njenge: Igqabi lejinja; Torus chi… ukuba ufuna ukukhula utyebe, uya kufumana 2m2 ukutyala okuphakathi kuya kufumana i-3m2; Ukuba ufuna ukukhula ube bhityile, uya kunyuka uye kuthi ga kwi-4 m2 umhlaba.

Indlela yokutyala ingca yasegadini
Indlela yokutyala ingca yasegadini

Ukutyala ingca igadi

Inyathelo 1: Ukutyala ingca (emva kokulungisa umhlaba)

Kwikhaphethi yengca: Sebenzisa indawo yeemethi zembewu ngokwenani eliqhelekileyo le-0.5x1m esasazwe ngokuthe tye, kwaye ingca nganye iya kuba kufutshane enye kwenye ngokomgca wenkophe. Kwingca elinywayo: Yahlula amahlahla embewu yengca abe ngamasetyana amaninzi. Isebe ngalinye liya kuba malunga neembewu zengca ezi-3-5. Yibeke ngobunono phantsi okanye usebenzise i-awl ukwenza umngxuma kunye nokunciphisa i-blade yengca.

Ukutyala ingca egadini
Ukutyala ingca egadini

Inyathelo lesi-2: Sebenzisa ilindle Xuba i-rice husk ash kwaye usasaze ngaphezulu umphezulu ingca (ukuba ikhaphethi ayifuni lo mthungo)

Ukusasaza umgquba ukutyala ingca yasegadini
Ukusasaza umgquba ukutyala ingca yasegadini

Inyathelo lesi-3: Sebenzisa isigqubuthelo somthi, esigalelwe kancinci ukuze iingcambu zengca zincamele emhlabeni. Ngexesha elifanayo, ufefe umhlaba omlotha owongezelelweyo kwiindawo apho uswele khona.

Ukutyala ingca ephakathi kuya kukhula kakuhle
Ukutyala ingca ephakathi kuya kukhula kakuhle

Ingcebiso: Amava abonisa ukuba ukutyala kokubini kuneyona nto iluncedo, ukonga imbewu nokuvumela ingca ukuba ikhule kwaye ivelise iingcambu ezininzi. Ngale ndlela yokutyala, emva kweentsuku ezingama-20-25, ingca ihlanganiswe ngokulinganayo, igudileyo kwaye intle.

Indlela yokunyamekela ingca yegadi ukuze ihlale iluhlaza

Ukongeza kokutyala ingca yasegadini ngobuchule obufanelekileyo, ukhathalelo lwengca lukwayinxalenye ebalulekileyo ngokulinganayo kuwe ukuba ube nengca yegadi echumileyo.

isuphu eluhlaza enesiqholo san vuon
Ukhathalelo lwengca yasegadini

Indlela yokunyamekela ingca esanda kutyalwa egadini kwinyanga yokuqala

Nini ingca yasegadini esanda kutyalwa kufuneka unikeze ukufuma okwaneleyo; Ngoko ke, kufuneka inkcenkceshelwe rhoqo. Qaphela ukuba kuyimfuneko ukucima iindawo apho amanzi aphelileyo ukuphepha utshani obunamanzi kwaye ukongezelela amanzi kwiindawo apho ingca ityalwe khona ukudala iinduli eziphakamileyo.

Ukunkcenkceshela ingca yegadi
Ukunkcenkceshela ingca yegadi

Isichumisi sibonelela ngezondlo kwingca. Kwinyanga yokuqala, kufuneka unikele ingqalelo kwezi zihlandlo zi-3 zilandelayo:

  • Kwiintsuku ezi-5 emva kokutyala, kufuneka ufake i-2kg DAP/100m2
  • Kwiintsuku ezili-15 emva kokutyala, galela i-3kg yeDAP/100m2
  • Kwiintsuku ezingama-30 emva kokutyala, galela i-2kg ye-NPK 16-16-8 kunye ne-1kg yekeyiki yeoli/100m2
Isichumisi sibonelela ngezondlo kwingca
Isichumisi sibonelela ngezondlo kwingca

Ngaphandle koko, kuyimfuneko ukuhlakula rhoqo ngamaxesha angama-2-3 ngenyanga yokuqala, ukuze singasayi kubona ukhula.

Unakekele ingca yegadi kwiinyanga ezilandelayo

Ukunkcenkceshela: Soloko udala ukufuma emhlabeni, ukutyeba komhlaba ubuncinane yi-3cm. Vula intsimi xa kune imvula eninzi, musa ukuvumela ingca ukuba izaliswe ngamanzi ngaphezu kweeyure ezingama-24.

Isichumisi: Nyanga nganye, i-2kg ye-DAP/100m2 kufuneka igalelwe. Ukuba ingca imnyama kakhulu, buyisela iDAP nge-NPK (16-16-8). Ukuba ingca ayigudi, yongeza i-1 kg yekeyiki yeoli/100m2. Kwiminyaka embalwa kamva, kuyafuneka ukuba kugalelwe izichumiso ezininzi eziphilayo kunye ne-micro-organisms ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi ngokuxhomekeke kwingca yokwenyani.

Coca ukhula ukugcina igadi intle
Coca ukhula ukugcina igadi intle

Qaphela ukuba ukhula kufuneka lucocwe rhoqo kunye nenkqubo yokucheba ingca; Ukugcina ubuhle bengca yegadi kwi-avareji ukusuka kwiintsuku ezingama-20 ukuya kwezingama-30, usike kube kanye. Xa usika kufuneka ushiye malunga ne-1-1.5cm.

Rhoqo ukucheba ingca ukwenza inkangeleko entle yegadi
Rhoqo ukucheba ingca ukwenza inkangeleko entle yegadi

Ezinye izinambuzane eziqhelekileyo kunye nezifo zengca yasegadini

Ingca yegadi isoloko ihlaselwa zizinambuzane nezifo ngenxa yezizathu ezininzi ezahlukeneyo. Kunokwenzeka ukuba ukungabikho okanye ukugqithisa kwezondlo kwenza umhlaba we-pH ungazinzi; utshintsho lwemozulu; Ukukhupha amanzi amdaka… Iintlobo ezininzi zengca zosulelekile ngenxa yokutshintsha kwemozulu; Oku kukwangoyena nobangela wokuba ingca yegadi ihlaselwe zizinambuzane ezitshabalalisayo.

Luthathele kakuhle ukhula ukuthintela izitshabalalisi
Luthathele kakuhle ukhula ukuthintela izitshabalalisi

Iintwala, imibungu etya amagqabi, imisundululu emhlophe…. zizitshabalalisi eziqhelekileyo kwingca. Ungasebenzisa i-Bassa: unyango lwe-planthoppers; Fenbis: unyango lweentshulube; I-Vibasu 10H: unyango lweentshulube ezimhlophe, iintshulube, iimbumba, iikhilikithi, iimbovane … (Umthamo kunye nokusetyenziswa kulandelwa imiyalelo kwileyibhile yeziyobisi okanye ukupakisha).

Yinyamekele ingca yegadi yakho ngokufanelekileyo ukuze ube negadi entle
Yinyamekele ingca yegadi yakho ngokufanelekileyo ukuze ube negadi entle

Ukuba unesidingo sokutyala ingca yengca kwikhampasi yakho yasekhaya okanye wenze ingca eluhlaza ejikeleze iipaki, iinkampani, iipaki zemizi-mveliso, njl., unokuqhagamshelana nathi ngoko nangoko. Hanoi Bonsai ukufumana iingcebiso ezithe ngqo.

IHanoi Bonsai One Member Co., Ltd

  • I-Hotline: 088.66.22.088 VND
  • UZalo/Viber: 0915.885.558

Idilesi:

  • Gcina 1: 628 Hoang Hoa Tham, Tay Ho, Hanoi
  • Store 2: 616 Hoang Hoa Tham, Tay Ho, Hanoi
  • Gcina i-3: 583 Hoang Hoa Tham, Ba Dinh, Hanoi

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