Cách trồng và chăm sóc Cây Kim Tiền làm cảnh mang tài lộc | Hatgiongtihon.net

Kweli nqaku, siya kukutyhilela eyona ndlela ilula yokukhulisa umthi wemali. Kwangaxeshanye, khankanya nezinye iimpawu ezibalaseleyo malunga nesi sityalo sokuhombisa ukuze sibe lula kwinkqubo yokunyamekela.

1. Yintoni umthi wemali?

Imali yegolide ikwabizwa ngokuba ngumthi we-Phat Tai, igama lesayensi yi-Zamioculcas xamufolia, yeyosapho lwasezulwini, oluzalelwa e-Asiya eTropiki.

Imali yebhonsai

Umthi wemali sisityalo esinencasa, esihlala sihleli. Amagqabi aneentsiba, aluhlaza bumnyama kwaye abengezelayo. Amagqabi amile okwe-oval, akhombe kuzo zozibini iziphelo, mahle kakhulu.

I-trunk imfutshane, iqonde kwaye isasazeke emacaleni ngokulinganayo kwaye yandiswe kwisiseko. Amasebe akhula ematyholweni anobude obuyi-18-45cm.

Amasebe aqinile, anencasa, ayicylindrical. Isiqu ngasinye sesebe sinamagqabi atyebileyo angama 5-9, malunga ne 4-14cm ubude, 2-5cm ububanzi.

Iintyatyambo zemali zimhlophe qwa, zikhula ukusuka kwisiseko ukwenza izihloko.

2. Uwukhulisa njani umthi wemali ekhaya

Indlela yokutyala umthi wemali

2.1. Khetha imbiza ukutyala izityalo zemali

Kufuneka ukhethe iimbiza ezinkulu zokutyala. Isizathu sokuba umthi ube nenkqubo yeengcambu eyomeleleyo kwaye eyomeleleyo, idinga indawo enkulu ngokwaneleyo. Ukukhetha imbiza enkulu kamva igcina ixesha lokudlulisa izimbiza, umthi unendawo eyaneleyo yokuphuhlisa iingcambu.

2.2. Khetha umhlaba wokutyala imithi yemali

Umhlaba kufuneka utyalwe nge-humus, ukukhupha kakuhle. Kunokwenzeka ukuxuba umhlaba kunye ne-rice husk humus, i-honeycomb slag etyumkileyo ukudala i-aeration yomhlaba. Umthi wemali Ikhetha umhlaba omuncu (pH: 5.5 – 6.5).

Okanye sebenzisa umhlaba we-microbial okhoyo kwiivenkile ze-bonsai ukunceda ukwandisa izityalo ngaphandle kokhathalelo oluninzi.

Phawula: Ukuba kufuneka utshintshe umhlaba kanye kwiinyanga ezintathu, isizathu kungenxa yokuba ixesha elithile umhlaba uba ludlolo, uqine, ungabi nazondlo kuya kwenza umthi ukhule kade, ungasebenzi.

2.3. Ukukhanya kumthi wemali

Njengesityalo esithandayo ukukhanya, sikhula kakuhle kwindawo eqaqambileyo, kodwa akufanele ibekwe elangeni elithe ngqo. Umthi usenokuhlala kakuhle emthunzini, ukuba ushiywe kwindawo enokukhanya okuncinci, khupha isityalo ekukhanyeni iintsuku ezimbalwa ngenyanga.

Ukuba isityalo sibekwe ngaphandle, kufuneka sibekwe phantsi kwe-canopy yomnye umthi, okanye ibe nenetha kuzo zombini izithintelo zelanga ezithe ngqo kwaye zithintele amanzi emvula ukuba angangeni embizeni, ebangela ukugcwala kwamanzi kwiingcambu.

2.4. Ubushushu obufanelekileyo kwiinaliti zemali ukukhula

Ubushushu obufanelekileyo bomthi bungama 25 ukuya ku 27 degrees celcius. Kubushushu obungaphantsi ko 18 degrees celcius, umthi wemali ujika ube tyheli emva koko uwe. Xa ingaphantsi kwe-5 degrees celsius, isityalo siya kufa.

Ukufuma okuphezulu okanye okuphantsi, izityalo zikhula ngokuqhelekileyo.

3. Indlela yokunyamekela umthi wemali

Indlela yokunyamekela umthi wemali

3.1. Nkcenkceshela umthi wemali

Ukunyamezela imbalela yomthi wemali kubi kakhulu, izityalo zangaphakathi kufuneka zinkcenkceshelwe kanye ngeveki. Amanzi amaninzi aya kubangela ukubola kweengcambu kunye nokubola kwe-tuber. Ekuhambeni kwexesha, umthi uya kufa.

Ukuba izityalo zibekwe ngaphandle, kuxhomekeke kwisimo sezulu, zinganiselwa ngamaxesha angama-2-3 ngeveki, kwaye ukuba izityalo zifakwe kwigumbi elinomoya, kufuneka kuncitshiswe inani lamanzi.

Indlela yokunkcenkceshela: Musa ukunkcenkceshela ngqo embizeni, kodwa sebenzisa ibhotile yokutshiza ukunkcenkceshela amagqabi, iziqu kunye neengcambu.

Phawula: Umthi wemali uhlala usweleka ngenxa yamanzi amaninzi, kodwa akafane ufe ngenxa yokungabikho kwamanzi. Ke amanzi nje anele ukunyakamisa umhlaba embizeni kulungile.

3.2. Khulisa umthi wemali

Xa umthi sele uza kuhluma, ungasebenzisa isichumiso kwaye usebenzise isichumiso seNPK ukongeza izondlo zomthi.

Malunga neenyanga ezi-2-3 kufuneka zichumise isityalo kanye. Umgquba kufuneka uthenge kwiivenkile ezithengisa izityalo zokuhombisa, uhlobo olusetyenziselwa imithi yemali.

Indlela yokuchumisa: Faka isicelo esincinci ngexesha ngalinye malunga nesiseko, kwaye malunga ne-10-15cm ukusuka kwingcambu.

Phawula: Musa ukufaka isichumiso esininzi ngexesha, kodwa faka kuphela isixa esiphakathi. Emva kokuchumisa, amanzi kufuneka afumiswe emhlabeni, ukuze izityalo zikwazi ukufunxa lula.

3.3. Ukucoca iinaliti zemali

Oku kuya kunceda isityalo “siphefumle”, kulula ukwenza i-photosynthesize. Sebenzisa ithawula elimanzi ukuze usule ngobunono ubumdaka obunamathele kumagqabi, isiqu kunye nommandla ojikelezayo.

Amagqabi okanye amasebe aphuzi, abolileyo okanye abolileyo kufuneka asuswe ngesikere ngokukhawuleza. Kuphephe ukusasazeka kwamanye amasebe.

3.4. Ukuthintelwa kwezinambuzane kunye nezifo zomthi wemali

Ukumelana nezinambuzane kunye nezifo ze umthi wemali kulunge kakhulu. Ezinye izifo eziqhelekileyo ezifana namagqabi amhlophe ngenxa yokungabikho kwamagqabi okukhanya okanye aphuzi, ukubola kweengcambu ngenxa yamanzi amaninzi, ukuchithwa kwamanzi.

Ngeli xesha, kufuneka kunqotshwe ngokuzisa izityalo ekukhanyeni ezifana neebhalkhoni, iifestile, ii-corridors ezinendawo yomoya, ukunyuka kweqondo lokushisa, izityalo ziya kukhupha amanzi ngokukhawuleza. Okanye uyeke ukunkcenkceshela izityalo ngokukhawuleza, jonga imingxuma yokuhambisa amanzi kwizityalo.

4. Indlela yokusasaza umthi wemali

4.1. Ukusasaza umthi wemali ngokusikwa

Ukusasaza umthi wemali ngamagqabi

Le ndlela inokuvelisa izithole ezininzi ngexesha elifutshane ngaphandle kwempembelelo eninzi kwityholo lomthi wemali.

Intwasahlobo xa imozulu ishushu lelona xesha lilungileyo lokusasaza.

Ukwenza:

Inyathelo 1: Phula amagqabi nge Umthi weMali Umama, khetha amaqabunga amnyama amnyama kufuphi nesiseko, xa usika amaqabunga, kufuneka unqumle isiqu.

Inyathelo lesi-2: Lungisa umxube we-humus, i-rice husk ash kunye ne-vermicompost kwisitya sokusika. Emva koko thabatha amagqabi emali kwaye udibanise i-petioles kwi-root stimulant.

Inyathelo lesi-3: Okulandelayo, faka amagqabi kwimbiza yokusika kubunzulu obumalunga ne-1cm, kwaye ekugqibeleni unkcenkceshele kancinci ukwenza ukufuma komhlaba.

Inyathelo lesi-4: Emva kweeveki ezi-4, iingcambu ziya kuhluma kwaye zenze isithole. Emva kwesithuba esingangonyaka, esi sityalo siyakhula sibe sisityalo esikhulileyo.

Phawula: Kufuneka ubeke isityalo kwindawo enomthunzi, amanzi angama-2-3 ngeveki kuxhomekeke kwimozulu.

4.2. Ukusasaza umthi wemali ngamasebe

Ukusasaza umthi wemali ngamasebe

Ukuba le ndlela ingentla ithatha ixesha elide ukufumana umthi omtsha, kule ndlela, ixesha lezithole likhawuleza.

Nangona kunjalo, inani lezithole liya kulinganiselwa, ngokuxhomekeke kwinani lamasebe etyholo lomthi wemali.

Ukwenza:

Inyathelo 1: Khetha amasebe ekeyiki yemali, eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, ecwebezelayo, ungakhethi amasebe aluhlaza okhanyayo kuba lawo angamasebe amancinci.

Inyathelo lesi-2: Sebenzisa imela ukusika isiqu kufutshane nesiseko somthi, xa usikwa kufuneka usikwe ngokuqinisekileyo, kunqande ukutyunyuzwa kuba umthi uya kuba lula ukugcwala amanzi.

Inyathelo lesi-3: Sika amagqabi asezantsi omthi wemali osikiweyo, khetha indawo enomthunzi ngeeyure ezingama-3-4 ukuze ukunqunyulwa kome ngokupheleleyo.

Inyathelo lesi-4: Tyala i-cuttings yomhlaba we-Tribat uze ufake amasebe asikiweyo ngaphambili embizeni. Sebenzisa amanzi ukugcina umhlaba ufumile ngokwaneleyo.

Inyathelo lesi-5: Beka imbiza kwindawo epholileyo, eyomileyo, iintsuku ezi-7-10 kwakhona sebenzisa i-N3M ye-root stimulant exutywe namanzi ukunkcenkceshela isiseko se-cuttings.

Emva kweeveki ezi-4, xa ukhupha imbiza, uya kubona umzantsi wesebe elidala kunye neengcambu. Ngeli xesha, izithole zingatyalwa kwiimbiza ezintsha.

5. Umthi wemali weFeng shui kunye nentsingiselo yawo

Umthi umele ubutyebi, ubutyebi kunye nemali. Ngokukodwa xa iintyatyambo, inhlanhla yomniniyo ikhula, inhlanhla nayo iyanda.

Umthi wemali kwi-feng shui

Ngokutsho kohlalutyo lwe-feng shui, imali yemali ngumthi, isondlo esivela eMhlabeni, amanzi okunkcenkceshela okanye isisombululo samanzi nguThuy, izityalo ezifakwe kwiimbiza okanye iivazi zeglasi ziKim. Ngenxa yokudibanisa kwazo zonke izinto ezintlanu ze-feng shui, umthi uthandwa kakhulu.

Ukongeza, amagqabi umthi wemali inomda ongqukuva onophawu olubi olulungele ukuhonjiswa kwale mihla, ngokwe feng shui ilungile. Ukuze ulungelelanise, i-air conditioner idinga iifom ezijikelezayo, ezimbi, ezityebileyo kunye nemali ukuhlangabezana naloo mfuno.

Akunjalo kuphela, intyatyambo imali umbala omhlophe ufuzisela impumelelo kwaye ithamsanqa livelisa iziqhamo kwaye ubomi buba buninzi ngakumbi.

Abantu badla ngokubophelela imisonto ebomvu kumasebe emithi okanye baxhome imitya embalwa yeengqekembe zegolide emagqabini ukuze kufuzisele impumelelo nobutyebi obudla ngokubonwa ngoBusuku bangaphambi koNyaka oMtsha.

Ngombala oluhlaza opholileyo, amagqabi ashinyeneyo nanencindi ayakwazi ukufunxa izinto eziyityhefu ezixhonywe emoyeni naseluthulini, ezisa indawo entsha, ekhuselekileyo nenomoya.

Intsingiselo yomthi wemali

Ngokwezifundo, inokususa i-0.01 mol/m2 izinto eziguquguqukayo ezifana ne-benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, xylene.

Umbala oluhlaza wamagqabi unciphisa amehlo kwaye ulawula amehlo kwisimo sokulinganisela, esinefuthe lokunciphisa uxinzelelo xa ujonga umthi ngexesha leeyure zokusebenza ezixinzelelekileyo.

Ukwengeza, umthi wemali Ikwathathwa njengesipho esinentsingiselo kumsitho wokuvulwa nokunyuselwa okubandakanya ukunqwenelela umntu ophiwe ubutyebi, amathamsanqa kunye namathamsanqa.

6. Ufanelekela ntoni umthi wemali kwaye ulungele iminyaka emingaphi?

Yintoni umthi wethamsanqa?

Umthi wemali ufanelekile kuzo zonke izilwanyana ezili-12 kunye nezinto ezi-5 zeMetal – Wood – Water – Fire – Earth. Nangona kunjalo, kukho iingongoma ezimbalwa ekufuneka uzigcine engqondweni:

Abantu abekelwe iWood and Fire: Abo banoMthi okanye uMlilo par ngabantu abafanelekileyo kakhulu ukuba bakhulise lo mthi, kuba umthi ungowe-Wood element, ngoko ngokwezinto ezintlanu, kuyinto enkulu ukuzalwa eMlilo.

Abantu abamiselwe uMhlaba: Umhlaba ngumhlaba owondla isityalo ukuba sikhule, ngoko ke khetha imbiza okanye imbiza ebomvu, epinki eorenji okanye emfusa njengombala woMlilo ukuxhasa ukuhambelana.

Abantu abamiselwe uKim noThuy: Ngokutsho kwe-feng shui kufuneka ukhethe izityalo ezimhlophe okanye eziphuzi okanye zongeze iingqalutye ezimbalwa ezimhlophe okanye ezityheli zokuhombisa, le yimibala exhasa kakhulu. UKim wazala Amanzi, i-Aquatic Moc.

7. Ufanele ubekwe phi umthi wemali?

Indawo yokubeka umthi wemali Endlwini enokukhanya okuninzi kukunceda izityalo zibe ngcono, zibe luhlaza unyaka wonke. Nangona kunjalo, ukubeka umthi ochanekileyo kuya kunceda indlu yakho ibe yinto eqaqambileyo, ibe yinhle ngakumbi, kwaye “inomtsalane” ngcono.

Indawo yomthi wemali

Ukuqala kufuneka kunikwe ekubekeni imithi eMpuma, eMzantsi-mpuma kunye noMzantsi-mpuma kunye nezikhombisi-ndlela ezilungileyo, ezibekwe kwindlu yenhlanhla ziya kuzisa imali eninzi kunye nenhlanhla kumnini.

Musa ukubeka izityalo kwindawo ejongene nomnyango. Le yi-taboo kwi-bonsai yendlu ye-feng shui. Esi sikhundla sinokubangela ilahleko yobutyebi kunye nethamsanqa, ngokuchasene nentsingiselo yendalo yomthi wemali xa ukhulele ngaphakathi.

Ukongezelela, kunokwenzeka kwakhona ukubeka iinaliti ezincinci zemali kwitafile ephilayo, idesksi.

8. Ingaba umthi wemali unetyhefu?

Kukho izinto ezithile ezibonakaliswe kwiziqu kunye namagqabi e umthi wemali iqulethe iikristale ezininzi ze-calcium oxalate.

Le nto inokucaphukisa ulusu olubuthathaka, i-mucous membranes yemilebe, ulwimi, i-mucous membranes emqaleni okanye kwi-conjunctiva yamehlo xa sisitya ngempazamo okanye sibambe incindi ekhutshwe sisityalo kwaye siyifake emehlweni.

Ngokukodwa kubantwana abancinci, ulusu olulula, luyingozi ngakumbi.

Nangona kunjalo, i-calcium oxalate inokuchaphazela kuphela impilo yabantu, kufuneka usebenzise isixa esikhulu kakhulu. Ngeli xesha, le nto iqulethe kancinci kakhulu kumagqabi omthi wemali.

Ukongezelela, i-resin inetyhefu, ngoko ke ukuba iginyiwe, iya kubonakala i-rashes, i-acne, … Ezi tyhefu zibonakaliswa kuphela kwinqanaba elithambileyo ngaphandle kwaye zingangeni nzulu kwiindawo zangaphakathi.

Indlela yokujongana netyhefu evela kumthi wemali

Iimbonakalo xa zosulelwe yityhefu yemithi yemali zihlala zizixhoma, ukuphazamiseka kokutya okanye ukutshisa emlonyeni.

Ngelo xesha, kufuneka uhlambe ngokukhawuleza umlomo wakho amaxesha amaninzi ukuze unciphise inani leetyhefu eziye zavezwa emzimbeni ngaphambili kwaye uye kwisibhedlele esikufutshane ukuze ufumane unyango olucokisekileyo.

Eli tyala liqhelekileyo kubantwana abancinci, ngoko xa ubeka iinaliti zemali yokuhlobisa ekhaya, kufuneka uzibeke phezulu, ngaphandle kokufikelela kubantwana.

Qukumbela: Umthi wemali Ngaba inetyhefu? Impendulo ngu-Ewe, kodwa ayikho ingozi kakhulu, xa uyazi indlela yokuyisebenzisa, umthi awunabungozi ngokupheleleyo nakubani na. Ke ngoko, lo ngowona mthi wokuhombisa wangaphakathi owaziwayo kwihlabathi lebhonsai.

9. Eminye imifanekiso yomthi wemali

Intyatyambo yemali

Intyatyambo yemali

Umthi wemali

Umthi wemali uyadubula

Umthi wemali weDesktop

Ngentla yindlela yokutyala kunye nokukhathalela umthi wemali oluhlaza olungileyo, ukuzisa ubutyebi obungakumbi, kunye nokuqonda ngcono intsingiselo yawo kwi-feng shui, isiqe. Ngexesha nje elincinane lokunyanyekelwa, lo mthi unokukhula kakuhle.

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