Các giống bưởi phổ biến ở Việt Nam | Hatgiongtihon.net

1. I-Grapefruit yeRoi ezintlanu

– Igama eliqhelekileyo: Grapefruit Nam Roi

Igama lenzululwazi: Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr

– Igama lesiNgesi: “Nam roi” pummelo

Olu luhlu olukhethekileyo lwephondo laseVinh Long, ngo-1920, olu didi lwaqalwa ngabalimi baseBinh Minh – Vinh Long kwaye lwaba ludumo ukususela ngoko (Vo Cong Thanh et al. 2005) . NgokukaMnu Bui Van Tuoc Thuan Tan Hamlet, uThuan An Commune, kwiSithili saseBinh Minh, kwiPhondo laseVinh Long, umthi wepomelo wawukhuliswe ekuqaleni kwimbewu.


Umthi wepomelo onamagumbi amahlanu

iiPomelos

– Umthi oneminyaka eyi-10 ubude obumalunga ne-7-8m

– Imithi ephuma kumasebe okanye imithi emiliselweyo ikholisa ukungabi nameva okanye ambalwa

– Amagqabi amancinci aluhlaza okhanyayo, umphezulu ongaphezulu unoboya obuhle

– Amagqabi aqolileyo a-oval ukuya kwi-elliptical, isiseko singqukuva okanye simile ngokwentliziyo

– Amagqabi adityanisiwe amagqabi adityanisiweyo (akwindawo enye)

– Isigqubuthelo segqabi singqukuva kumacala omabini egqabi kunye namadlala e-oyile asasazekileyo.

– Umbala wegqabi eliphezulu uluhlaza obumnyama, i-blade i-ovate, igqabi liguqulelwe njengentliziyo.


I-Grapefruit ishiya izabhokhwe ezintlanu

I-Grapefruit ishiya izabhokhwe ezintlanu

Iintyatyambo zikhula ngokwamaqela kwii-axils zamagqabi, kwi-inflorescence nganye kunokubakho iintyatyambo ezininzi okanye intyatyambo enye kuphela, isiqu sentyatyambo sifutshane kwaye sinoboya. Iintyatyambo zinkulu kakhulu, zeyentyatyambo enento ezintlanu, ine-ovary enkulu kunye nestamens ezininzi ezincanyathiselweyo. Iintyatyambo zineendlela ezi-5 zeentyatyambo ezimhlophe kunye nevumba elimnandi

Zonke iintyatyambo ziyakwazi ukuvuthela kakuhle ukuze zenze iziqhamo, kodwa ukukhula okuqhelekileyo ngokwesithungu kushiyeka isiqhamo esi-1-3 kuphela.


Iintyatyambo zeGrapefruit ngonyaka weqhude

Intyatyambo yeGrapefruit 5 izabhokhwe

– Ukumila kwepere xa sele livuthiwe, umbindi wesiqhamo unomgongxo kwaye umqolo utyheli, kwixolo kukho amadlala e-oyile akhulisiwe, nto leyo eyenza umphezulu wolusu lwesiqhamo ube rhabaxa.

– Amaxolo atyebileyo: 2.0-2.5cm (kwiminyaka yokuqala, isiqhamo sihlala sityebile, ngamanye amaxesha ukuya kwi-3-4cm).

– Ulusu oluphakathi lumhlophe, lunevumba elimnandi, i-shrimp iluhlaza tyheli, iqinile, kulula ukwahlula eludongeni lwecandelo kwaye inejusi eninzi, inyama ethambileyo, incasa emnandi kancinci kunye nemuncu (i-Brix degree 9-11%, isiqhamo sepulp ratio ukusuka kwi-60 ukuya ngaphezulu kwama-60%, iimbewu ezimbalwa okanye ezingenazo kwiigadi ezikhethekileyo.

– Ubunzima beziqhamo: 1.2kg – 1.4kg

– Isivuno esiphezulu se-280 – 300 yeziqhamo / umthi / ngonyaka (imithi edala kuneminyaka eyi-10 ubudala)


Ipomelo ehlutshiweyo - imilo yepere

Isiqhamo sepomelo ehlutshiwe – Imilo yepere

– Umthi uyakhula kwaye ukhule kakuhle kumhlaba oswiti we-alluvial ecaleni komlambo

– Phantsi kweemeko zokhathalelo oluhle, umthi uvelisa iziqhamo emva kweminyaka eyi 2.5 ukuya kwi 3.0 emva kokutyala.

– Imithi ihlala inika iziqhamo ezisasazeke unyaka wonke kodwa uninzi lwazo lugxile ukusuka ku-Agasti ukuya kuNovemba dl

– Ixesha ukusuka ekudubuleni ukuya ekuvuneni limalunga neentsuku ezingama-210-220. Vuna xa ubona ukuba imidumba ijika ibe tyheli-luhlaza

Ukongeza kwiphondo laseVinh Long, iipomelos zikhuliswe kwiindawo ezininzi ezinje: Hau Giang, Soc Trang, Dong Thap, Tien Giang kunye namanye amaphondo akumazantsi mpuma.

2. I-Grapefruit enesikhumba esiluhlaza

– Igama eliqhelekileyo: Ipomelo yesikhumba eluhlaza

Igama lenzululwazi: Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr

– Igama lesiNgesi: “Isikhumba esiluhlaza” Pummelo

Umthi wokuqala sisityalo esikhule ngokusuka kwimbewu, efunyenwe eThanh Tan commune, kwisithili saseMo Cay, kwiphondo laseBen Tre. Igama elithi “isikhumba esiluhlaza” livela kwimpawu yesiqhamo xa sivuthiwe, i-rind ihlala iluhlaza.

I-pomelo yesikhumba esiluhlaza ihlelwe njengomthi weziqhamo ezikhethekileyo zephondo laseBen Tre kunye nommandla waseMekong Delta ukususela ekupheleni kweminyaka yoo-1990. Olu hlobo lunombala weziqhamo ezintle kunye nomgangatho omnandi.

Amagqabi amancinci aluhlaza okhanyayo kwaye ngokuthe ngcembe ajika abe luhlaza mnyama xa amagqabi evuthiwe, umphezulu wamagqabi uluhlaza bumnyama, amagqabi amile okwentliziyo, umda wegqabi uqatshelwe njengeendlebe zedada, iblade yegqabi iguqulwe i-ovate. , i-blade i-ovate, amagqabi abekwe phezu kwamagqabi, nto leyo ibonakalisa kakhulu uhlobo lweentlobo.


IGrapefruit ishiya ulusu oluluhlaza

IGrapefruit ishiya ulusu oluluhlaza


  • Iintyatyambo zeGrapefruit ezinesikhumba esiluhlaza

I-Inflorescences ikhula ngokwamaqela kwii-axils zamagqabi okanye kwiincam zamasebe, i-inflorescence nganye inokuthwala intyatyambo enye okanye isiqhu seentyatyambo, i-calyx inombala otyheli-luhlaza, amagqabi amhlophe kwaye amise okwephenyane, xa iintyatyambo ziyaqhakaza. unevumba elibi kakhulu. Zonke iintyatyambo ziyakwazi ukuvunguza kakuhle ukuze zenze iziqhamo, kodwa inkqubo yophuhliso kwiqela ngalinye kushiyeka isiqhamo esi-1-2 kuphela.


Iintyatyambo zeGrapefruit ezinesikhumba esiluhlaza


Iintyatyambo zeGrapefruit ezinesikhumba esiluhlaza

Isiqhamo sikhulu kakhulu, sinobunzima obuyi 1.6-2.0 kg, singqukuva, xa sele sivuthiwe, ulusu luluhlaza kodwa ngamanye amaxesha lujike lube luhlaza okomthubi, umbindi wesiqhamo uvulekile, uqweqwe lumalunga ne-17mm ubukhulu. ulusu lwesiqhamo oluphakathi lupinki.

Isiqhamo sinamacandelo angama-13-14, inyama i-crispy (xa kuthelekiswa ne-Nam Roi pomelo, i-peel iqhekeza kakuhle, i-shrimp i-pink eqinile, ikhutshwe, ipesenti yenyama ingaphezulu kwe-60%, i-flavour sweet, i-brix 9, i-7 – 10.4%, pH= 4.62, hayi krakra, hayi krakra, iimbewu ezimbalwa ngaphandle kwembewu kwimeko apho olu didi lukhuliswe kakhulu.


Igrapefruit enesikhumba esiluhlaza

Igrapefruit enesikhumba esiluhlaza


Igrapefruit enebala eliluhlaza kunye negrapefruit

Umbala we-shrimp

Isityalo sikhula kakuhle kumhlaba oswiti we-alluvial, onamanzi awoneleyo okunkcenkceshela unyaka wonke

– Phantsi kweemeko zokhathalelo oluhle, umthi uvelisa iziqhamo emva kweminyaka eyi 2.5 ukuya kwi 3.0 emva kokutyala.

– Umthi udla ngokunika iziqhamo unyaka wonke, kodwa uninzi lwazo luxutywa ukusuka kuAgasti ukuya kuNovemba dl

– Ixesha ukusuka kwintyatyambo ukuya ekuvuneni malunga neenyanga ezi-7-7.5. Isivuno siphezulu kakhulu, malunga ne-120-150 kg/umthi/ngonyaka (umthi oneminyaka eli-10 ubudala).

Ukongeza kwiPhondo leBen Tre, i-pomelo yesikhumba eluhlaza ikhulile kwiindawo ezininzi eTien Giang, Vinh Long, Soc Trang, Dong Thap, kunye namanye amaphondo akumazantsi-mpuma.

3. INtamo Yengwamza IGrapefruit

– Igama eliqhelekileyo: Ipomelo yeenwele zeNgwamza

– Igama lezenzululwazi: Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr – igama lesiNgesi: “Long co co” pummelo

Iindidi zePomelo zeLong zivela kwizityalo zembewu kwidolophu yaseThai Dong, kwisithili saseCai Be, kwiphondo laseTien Giang. Ngenxa yeempawu zeentlobo ngeenwele ezintle kumahlumela amancinci, amagqabi kunye neepods, ibizwa ngokuba yi-Long pomelo kwaye ivela e-Co Co (i-An Thai Dong commune). Olu hlobo lukhuliswe kwizithili ezininzi zaseCai Be, Cai Lay, Chau Thanh kunye neMy Tho City (Tien Giang).

I-canopy ivame ukuphakama phezulu, amasebe ahanjiswa ngokulinganayo. Umthi oneminyaka emi-5 unobude obuyi-6-7m. Amagqabi agqunywe buboya obucolekileyo, aluhlaza luhlaza xa esemancinci kwaye aluhlaza obumnyama xa evuthiwe. Amagqabi amile okwentliziyo, ulusu lwegqabi alimaza kangako, umsila wegqabi utsolo, iblade yegqabi i-oval, isigqumathelo esincinci okanye asikho.


  • Intyatyambo yePomelo eneentsiba zengwamza

Iintyatyambo zihlala zikhula kwi-axils yamagqabi kwiintyatyambo ze-3-11 zentyatyambo, i-calyx iluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, isithuba seentyatyambo simhlophe, i-stamen emile okwestamen imfutshane kune-pistil.


Intyatyambo yePomelo eneentsiba zengwamza

Intyatyambo yePomelo eneentsiba zengwamza


  • Iintsiba zengwamza zeGrapefruit

I-Long Co ingwamza ipomelo imile okwepere, isiqhamo sidayamitha eyi-13.1-14.6cm, ubude besiqhamo bu-10.3-18.7cm. Isingxobo se-oyile esibalulekileyo kumphezulu wexolo lesiqhamo sicace gca xa isiqhamo singena kwinkqubo yokuvuthwa, ingxowa iyakhula kwaye ukuxinana kungqindilili kunoko kwesiqhamo esincinci, isiqhamo siyatshintsha ukusuka kokungunda okuluhlaza ukuya kuluhlaza okhanyayo, iinwele igudile, isagquma isiqhamo.


INgcamza Entanyeni yeGrapefruit

INgcamza Entanyeni yeGrapefruit

I-peel i-1.58cm ubukhulu, ulusu oluphakathi lumhlophe olupinki, isiqhamo ngasinye sinamacandelo angama-14 ngokomyinge, iindawo azilingani, ukukwazi ukuqinisa i-shrimp kuphakathi, i-shrimp inzima ukuyikhupha eludongeni. I-Shrimp inombala opinki obomvu, amanzi amaninzi, incasa eswiti nemuncu (ibrix 7.4-10.7%, pH=3.8) ayikrakra, ayikrakra.

I-Pomelo iindidi zengwamza i-Long Co ikhula kwaye ikhule kakuhle kwiimeko zomhlaba oswiti we-alluvial ecaleni komlambo, ukunkcenkceshelwa okwaneleyo… Umthi ukhula ngamandla xa uthelekisa nezinye iintlobo ze-citrus phantsi kweemeko ezifanayo zokulima, olu hlobo lunokusetyenziswa njengengcambu yezinye. iintlobo zepomelo.

Ukusuka kwiintyatyambo ukuya ekuvuneni iinyanga ezi-7.0-7.5, imithi yeziqhamo emva kweminyaka emi-2 yokutyala, imithi yeziqhamo ithe saa unyaka wonke, kodwa ininzi igxininise ukusuka ku-Agasti ukuya kwi-12dl, isivuno esikhulu malunga ne-200-250kg/ngonyaka/umthi (umthi weminyaka eyi-10). Ukuvuna kwiiveki ezingama-32-33 emva kokuba iintyatyambo zidubula kwaye zingagcinwa kwi-80C kangangeeveki ezilishumi.

Olu luhlobo lwediliya olukhula lula, olukhula ngamandla, oluvelisa isivuno esikhulu nokwazi ukuvelisa iziqhamo unyaka wonke.

4. Amagqabi eswekile e-Grapefruit e-orenji

– Igama eliqhelekileyo: igqabi le-orenji leswekile yepomelo

– Igama lezenzululwazi: Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr – igama lesiNgesi: “iOrenji leswekile” pummelo

Olu didi lukhule kakhulu kwingingqi ekuMazantsi-mpuma, lugxile kwiindawo ezisecaleni komlambo i-Dong Nai.


  • Amagqabi eGrapefruit, amagqabi eswekile eorenji

Amagqabi alolu hlobo mancinci, aphantse afane namagqabi e-orenji, ngoko ke abizwa ngokuba yishukela e-orenji.

I-canopy ithanda ukukhula ngokuthe tye, imithi eneminyaka eyi-10 inobude obuphakathi kwe-4.0-4.5m. Amagqabi amancinci aluhlaza okhanyayo, xa ekhulile, amaqabunga aluhlaza mnyama, amagqabi abunjwe yintliziyo, isigqubuthelo se-serrated, umsila weqabunga ukhonjiwe, iqabunga leqabunga li-lanceolate, aligubungeli iqabunga.


  • Iintyatyambo kunye namagqabi eswekile e-grapefruit e-orenji

Iintyatyambo zihlala zikhula kwii-axils zamagqabi okanye kwiincam zamasebe, zikhula ngokwamaqela.

Isiqhamo simile okweperile, sinobunzima obuyi 1154g/isiqhamo, ulusu lunobunzima obuyi 1.58cm, lutyheli-luhlaza xa luvuthiwe, ulusu oluphakathi lumhlophe, amacandelo atyheli, ishrimps zixobuka kakhulu xa zixotyulwa eludongeni. kunye, incasa eswiti, muncu kancinci, 10.5% brix, pH=4.4, hayi krakra, hayi krakra

Umthi unika iziqhamo emva kweminyaka eyi-3-4 yokutyala, ixesha lokuvuna lisasazwa unyaka wonke, kodwa eyona nto igxininiswe ngoJulayi-Agasti dl, ukusuka ekudubuleni ukuya ekuvuneni iinyanga ezi-7.0-7.5. Lomthi unesivuno esikhulu esingange 400kg/umthi/ngonyaka


Grapefruit iswekile amagqabi orenji

Grapefruit iswekile amagqabi orenji


5. Ezinye iintlobo zeGrapefruit


5.1. Iswekile Pomelo


+ Isiqhamo esimile okwepere.

+ Ubunzima obuyi-avareji 1.2-2.5 kg/isiqhamo, ulusu olugudileyo, lutyheli oluluhlaza ukuya kumthubi xa luvuthiwe, kulula ukuxobuka kunye nobungqingqwa obuphakathi (16-19mm).

+ Ijusi ininzi kakhulu, incasa ayimuncu, ivumba elimnandi liyanuka.

+ Kukho ngaphezu kwe-50 imbewu/isiqhamo.


Igrapefruit enesikhumba esigudileyo

Igrapefruit enesikhumba esigudileyo

5.2. Doan Hung pomelo

Luhlobo olumnandi lwepomelo olukhule ixesha elide eDoan Hung-Phu Tho. Izityalo zikhula zomelele, ubude obuyi-4-5 m; umyinge we-canopy ububanzi 4-6m; amagqabi aluhlaza atyheli. Iintyatyambo ngoFebruwari-Matshi, iziqhamo zivuthwa ngo-Oktobha – 11. Isiqhamo sijikelezileyo, ubunzima obuphakathi 0.8 – 1.2 kg / isiqhamo. Ulusu lwesiqhamo lubhityile xa luvuthiwe, lutyheli, umthubi utyheli, uswiti kwaye unevumba elimnandi.


Iqhawe leGrapefruit

Doan Hung pomelo

5.3. Grapefruit Hue Thanh Tra

I-Grapefruit ikhuliswa ikakhulu kumhlaba we-alluvial ecaleni koMlambo iPerfume, uMlambo iBo, kunye noMlambo i-O Lau kunye nommandla ongaphezulu kweehektare ezili-1,000 kwiphondo liphela, kodwa kwiwadi ye-Thuy Bieu, ithathwa njengeyona imnandi kakhulu. umbala kunye nencasa yesiqhamo.Ibha yeti ityebile kunezinye iindawo.

I-Thanh Tra pomelo inobunzima obumalunga ne-1kg, imilo yepere, ulusu olutyheli olunelanga.

I-Thanh Tra pomelo yahlukile kwezinye iipomelo ukusuka kwimilo ukuya kwincasa.

Ulusu lwe-tea bar alukho luhlaza, kodwa ilanga liphuzi. Ubungakanani besiqhamo buncinci kunolo hlobo olufanayo, alukho ngqukuva, kodwa lukhudlwana ngokuthe ngcembe.

I-Thanh Tra grapefruit imnandi kakhulu, incasa eswiti ihlala ixesha elide emlonyeni emva kokonwaba. I-Thanh Tra ayivumba nje kuphela emathunjini esiqhamo, kodwa iphinda ibe nevumba elimnandi kwi-peel, amagqabi, kunye neentyatyambo …


Grapefruit Hue Thanh Tra

Grapefruit Hue Thanh Tra

5.4. Phuc Trach Grapefruit

Ukhule ixesha elide kwisithili saseHuong Khe – Ha Tinh. Umthi unamandla kwaye unamandla, ubude obuphakathi kwe-3 – 5 m; i-avareji yekhenopi idayamitha 4-6 m.

Iintyatyambo ngoFebruwari-Matshi, iziqhamo zivuthwa ngoSeptemba-Okthobha.

Isiqhamo esingqukuva sithe tyaba kancinci, sinobunzima obuphakathi kwe 1.0 – 1.5 kg/isiqhamo.

Ulusu lwesiqhamo lubhityile xa luvuthiwe, lutyheli, umthubi utyheli, womile, uswiti kwaye unevumba elimnandi ekutyeni.

Umbala wenyama kunye ne-shrimp i-pinkish, i-pulp i-crispy kwaye kulula ukuhlukana, kwaye i-taste inomuncu omuncu. Isidanga seBrix 12-14%


Phuc Trach Grapefruit

Phuc Trach Grapefruit


Iintyatyambo kunye namacandelo eziqhamo (Phuc Trach Grapefruit)


Iintyatyambo kunye namacandelo eziqhamo (Phuc Trach Grapefruit)

5.5 Ukusebenza kweGrapefruit

Ithathwe kuhlobo olumnandi lwepomelo iDoan Hung, ekhule ixesha elide kwiPhu Dien commune-Tu Liem-Hanoi, kodwa ivuthwe kamva, isiqhamo sihle ngakumbi kwaye siba yinto ekhethekileyo yasekhaya.


Ukwenza iGrapefruit

Ukwenza iGrapefruit

Izityalo zikhula zomelele, ubude obuyi-3-5m; umyinge we-canopy ububanzi 4-6 m; Amagqabi atyheli-luhlaza, isinqe simile okwentliziyo, kwaye i-apex icacile ngokucacileyo. Iintyatyambo ngoFebruwari-Matshi, iziqhamo zivuthwa ngoNovemba-Disemba.

I-Grapefruit inolusu olubhityileyo xa ivuthiwe, umbala otyheli okhanyayo, i-grapefruit eshinyeneyo, i-succulent, i-pulp emthubi, incasa eswiti.


Ukwenza iGrapefruit

Dien pomelo iziqhamo

Umthombo: IKharityhulam yokuLima iSitrasi-uMphathiswa wezoLimo noPhuhliso lwamaPhandle

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